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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Turkic-speaking tribes making up the basic population of Bulgaria on the Volga.

The Bulgars came to the central Volga Region from the Azov region in the second half of the seventh century, after the fall of Great Bulgaria (a state which arose in the seventh century between the Don and Kuban rivers). This has been corroborated by archaeological data. The Bulgars cooperated with local tribes that belonged to the Finno-Ugric language group. With the coming of the Bulgars, who built a strong military organization and achieved political hegemony in the Volga-Kama region, Turkic languages began to spread throughout the central Volga Region. The Bulgars played a major role in the consolidation of local tribes in the creation of their feudal state. The origins of some peoples of the Volga and Kama regions can be traced to the Bulgars (Chuvashes, Kazan Tartars, and others).


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
* 6 linii patron Krnka 1866g *--the Bulgars also re ceived quantities of the obsolete Pushka Krnka obrrazetz 1869.
And Stark praised the display of Dundee United kid Scott Allan, who was unlucky not to create a winning goal against the Bulgars in the first match of a campaign where they'll also face Holland, Austria and Luxembourg.
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Principal wars: war with the Caliphate (668-679); war with Bulgars (675-681).
Most countries donat produce one candidate, let alone two, with all the necessary attributes," the author writes.He says that for the country, the UN Secretary General's job is a "chance of its biggest role in history since the Bulgars attacked Constantinople around 1200 AD, possibly ever."While praising her qualities as the EU Commission official responsible for the common budget, the text notes her allies among colleagues are capable of applying "a lot of tacit pressure on a member country like Bulgaria to back her," referring to the allocations of funding in the next budget.Another potential setback is her lack of experience as a professional diplomat.
This impressive history details for the first time in English the political activities of the Bulgars and their relationship with the Byzantines in the Middle Ages.
In its time it has been controlled by, among others, the Greeks, Persians, Goths, Huns, Bulgars, Khazars, Venetians, Genoese, Russians, Ukrainians and most recently by the Germans during the Second World War.
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It's a fascinating country -the oldest surviving state in Europe,no less, founded by the Bulgars in the 7th century,occupying a strategic spot on the Black Sea coast.
The Bulgars, reluctant in the first place about playing in the competition, are not keen on coming to Wales and haven't even booked flights or hotel accommodation yet.

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