Bulk Plant

bulk plant

[′bəlk ‚plant]
(petroleum engineering)
A wholesale receiving and distributing facility for petroleum products; includes storage tanks, warehouses, railroad sidings, truck loading racks, and related elements. Also known as bulk terminal.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bulk Plant


(or tank farm), a complex of structures and equipment for the receipt, storage, transshipment, and distribution of oil and petroleum products. A distinction is made among terminal, refinery, and distribution bulk plants.

Terminal bulk plants are designed for transshipment of products between vehicles or types of vehicles (from oceangoing tankers and barges to river vessels or from railroad routes to individual tanks). Refinery bulk plants may be of the raw-material type (receipt, storage, and preparation of raw materials for refining) or the commercial type (receipt of petroleum products from installations; storage and shipment). Raw-material and commercial bulk plants are usually combined in a single unit (complex) at the refinery or not far from it. Distribution bulk plants supply petroleum products directly to enterprises, and also ship them in small containers. Such plants are divided into oblast, raion, railroad, water-railroad, waterway, pipeline, and subsurface types. Bulk plants of this type have a limited sphere of operation, and their tank storage capacities are relatively small.

Many bulk plants perform the functions of terminal, refinery, and distribution bulk plants simultaneously. At large bulk plants, work is under way on the integrated automation of the processes of receipt, storage, pumping, shipping, and distribution of petroleum products.


Chernikin, V. I. Sooruzhenie i ekspluatatsiia neftebaz, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1955.
Neftebazy i nefteprovody. Moscow, 1956.
Neftedobyvaiushchaia promyshlennost’ SSSR: 1917–1967. Moscow, 1968.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
During her assignment, Binmahfoodh attended progress meetings with a number of proponents, conducting multiple site visits during the construction of the North Jiddah Bulk Plant expansion project.
MVP operates three bulk plant terminals co-located with cardlocks in Williston, Belfield, and Mandan, and owns and operates six retail sites with convenience stores located in Mandan, Rugby and Bismarck.
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JEDDAH: Saudi Aramco and GE are partnering to install Saudi Arabia's first Wind Turbine at the Turaif Bulk Plant, located in the north-west of the Kingdom.
Alaska Oil Sales has bulk plant facilities in Kenai and a warehouse/shop and offices in Soldotna.
The company has contributed to major projects including the Ras Tanura Refinery, Riyadh Refinery, Shaybah Producing Facilities and Sulayyil Bulk Plant.
The Energy Division enjoyed strong income again, and investments continue to be made in division infrastructure, including biodiesel blending capabilities at the Menard County, Ill., terminal and at Madison Service Co.'s Roxana, Ill., bulk plant. GROWMARK received more than $50 million in patronage from the National Cooperative Refinery Association (NCRA).
A bulk plant is a wholesale receiving and distributing facility for oil products.
The MTI Propane and Natural Gas Technologies Program enjoys an excellent reputation in the utilities industry; its features include a new outdoor utility training field for laboratory activities in underground installation and bulk plant work located in a simulated city environment.
COTTAGE GROVE - The state is proposing a clean bill of health for the old Chevron Bulk Plant site near downtown Cottage Grove - and the parcel may become part of the long-planned South Lane Cultural Heritage Center.