Bulk Carrier

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bulk carrier

[¦bəlk ′kar·ē·ər]
(naval architecture)
A vessel designed to transport dry or liquid bulk cargo.

Bulk Carrier

 

a cargo vessel that transports loose and piece cargo without packaging (in bulk). A distinction is made between bulk carriers suitable for transporting a broad assortment of cargoes (general-purpose bulk carriers) or for a single type (ore carriers, coal carriers, cement carriers, and so on). Bulk carriers may also be adapted for transporting liquid cargoes, motor vehicles, and containers. Bulk carriers do not ordinarily have loading equipment; they are loaded and unloaded by port equipment. Some ships are equipped with conveyor belts or pneumatic devices to unload the hold (self-unloading ships).

General-purpose bulk carriers are single-deck vessels with an engine room and stern superstructure, usually with underdeck tanks along the cargo holds. The design of general-purpose bulk carriers (particularly the design in the upper part of the cargo hold of the inclined walls, and also the alternation of full and empty holds) ensures longitudinal and transverse self-distribution of the cargo and eliminates the excess stability typical of conventional cargo ships. Bulk carriers are larger and have greater cargo capacity than other dry-cargo ships (up to 150, 000 tons). The speed of bulk carriers is usually about 28 km/hr (15 knots).

E. G. LOGVINOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
Narvik already handles Capesize dry bulk cargo vessels from its deep-water port.
The grabs are attached to the Gottwald cranes used for discharging up to 30 bulk cargo vessels in a year at Teesport and Hartlepool docks.
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Iron Roads planned Central Eyre Iron Project rail and port infrastructure will create a deep water port capable of handling the largest bulk cargo vessels with connections to heavy haulage railway.
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Located on the Delaware River, close to the Atlantic Ocean, the South Jersey Port Corporation handles primarily bulk cargo vessels.
As part of the Middle Weser adaptation of the expansion of the Weser from Minden to Hemelingen for the transport of bulk cargo vessels with a motor AbladebeschrEnnkung to 2.
via rail cars and is subsequently loaded onto bulk cargo vessels for shipment overseas.
It also significantly expands the port's capacity, as bulk cargo vessels will be able to carry around 6,000 tonnes more cargo on each visit.