Bulk Carrier

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bulk carrier

[¦bəlk ′kar·ē·ər]
(naval architecture)
A vessel designed to transport dry or liquid bulk cargo.

Bulk Carrier

 

a cargo vessel that transports loose and piece cargo without packaging (in bulk). A distinction is made between bulk carriers suitable for transporting a broad assortment of cargoes (general-purpose bulk carriers) or for a single type (ore carriers, coal carriers, cement carriers, and so on). Bulk carriers may also be adapted for transporting liquid cargoes, motor vehicles, and containers. Bulk carriers do not ordinarily have loading equipment; they are loaded and unloaded by port equipment. Some ships are equipped with conveyor belts or pneumatic devices to unload the hold (self-unloading ships).

General-purpose bulk carriers are single-deck vessels with an engine room and stern superstructure, usually with underdeck tanks along the cargo holds. The design of general-purpose bulk carriers (particularly the design in the upper part of the cargo hold of the inclined walls, and also the alternation of full and empty holds) ensures longitudinal and transverse self-distribution of the cargo and eliminates the excess stability typical of conventional cargo ships. Bulk carriers are larger and have greater cargo capacity than other dry-cargo ships (up to 150, 000 tons). The speed of bulk carriers is usually about 28 km/hr (15 knots).

E. G. LOGVINOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
The bulk cargo vessel St Dimitrios delivered 62,000 tonnes of wood pellets to the Port of Tyne
Emirates Global Aluminium has signed a long-term port facility agreement with Abu Dhabi Ports to use some of the world's largest bulk cargo vessels to import raw materials through Khalifa Port.
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Abu Dhabi: Emirates Global Aluminium, the largest industrial company outside oil and gas, has signed a long-term port facility agreement with Abu Dhabi Ports to use some of the world's largest bulk cargo vessels to import raw materials through Khalifa Port.
This operation will support both the provision of infrastructure capable of handling modern bulk cargo vessels and the institutional support required to promote international best practice in the management of port facilities., he added.
The grabs are attached to the Gottwald cranes used for discharging up to 30 bulk cargo vessels in a year at Teesport and Hartlepool docks.