Bulk Carrier

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bulk carrier

[¦bəlk ′kar·ē·ər]
(naval architecture)
A vessel designed to transport dry or liquid bulk cargo.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bulk Carrier

 

a cargo vessel that transports loose and piece cargo without packaging (in bulk). A distinction is made between bulk carriers suitable for transporting a broad assortment of cargoes (general-purpose bulk carriers) or for a single type (ore carriers, coal carriers, cement carriers, and so on). Bulk carriers may also be adapted for transporting liquid cargoes, motor vehicles, and containers. Bulk carriers do not ordinarily have loading equipment; they are loaded and unloaded by port equipment. Some ships are equipped with conveyor belts or pneumatic devices to unload the hold (self-unloading ships).

General-purpose bulk carriers are single-deck vessels with an engine room and stern superstructure, usually with underdeck tanks along the cargo holds. The design of general-purpose bulk carriers (particularly the design in the upper part of the cargo hold of the inclined walls, and also the alternation of full and empty holds) ensures longitudinal and transverse self-distribution of the cargo and eliminates the excess stability typical of conventional cargo ships. Bulk carriers are larger and have greater cargo capacity than other dry-cargo ships (up to 150, 000 tons). The speed of bulk carriers is usually about 28 km/hr (15 knots).

E. G. LOGVINOVICH

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
TOKYO -- China dispatches several search and rescue vessels for crew members after a Panama-registered oil tanker and a Hong Kong-registered bulk freighter collide, reports say.
The US Navy has joined the search for 32 crew members missing from the oil tanker that caught fire after colliding with a bulk freighter off China's east coast.
TOKYO, Jan 7 (KUNA) -- China dispatched several vessels to search for and rescue crew members after a Panama-registered oil tanker and a Hong Kong-registered bulk freighter collided, state-run Xinhua News Agency reported Sunday.
All the 21 crew members on board the bulk freighter who were Chinese, had been rescued.
The collision, between a Panama-registered oil tanker and a Hong Kong-registered bulk freighter, occurred in waters about 160 sea miles east of the Yangtze River's estuary Saturday night, the ministry said.
Much of the impetus for slow steaming is the fact that the more than 90,000 large scale commercial vessels such as container ships, oil tankers and bulk freighters which ply their trade across the world's oceans are primarily powered by heavy, high sulphur and high nitrogen-content fuel which contributes to airborne particulate matter.
This theme is taken on by Espen Ekberg, Even Lange and Eivund Merok, who examine the introduction of new forms of shipping, from very large bulk freighters to the container ship.
Prior to the acquisition, ESL Shipping's fleet comprised six dry bulk freighters and three barges.
Their last major upgrade was the opening of the Sault's Poe Lock in 1968, which paved the way for the introduction of the monstorous 1,000-foot bulk freighters.