Bulk Carrier

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bulk carrier

[¦bəlk ′kar·ē·ər]
(naval architecture)
A vessel designed to transport dry or liquid bulk cargo.

Bulk Carrier

 

a cargo vessel that transports loose and piece cargo without packaging (in bulk). A distinction is made between bulk carriers suitable for transporting a broad assortment of cargoes (general-purpose bulk carriers) or for a single type (ore carriers, coal carriers, cement carriers, and so on). Bulk carriers may also be adapted for transporting liquid cargoes, motor vehicles, and containers. Bulk carriers do not ordinarily have loading equipment; they are loaded and unloaded by port equipment. Some ships are equipped with conveyor belts or pneumatic devices to unload the hold (self-unloading ships).

General-purpose bulk carriers are single-deck vessels with an engine room and stern superstructure, usually with underdeck tanks along the cargo holds. The design of general-purpose bulk carriers (particularly the design in the upper part of the cargo hold of the inclined walls, and also the alternation of full and empty holds) ensures longitudinal and transverse self-distribution of the cargo and eliminates the excess stability typical of conventional cargo ships. Bulk carriers are larger and have greater cargo capacity than other dry-cargo ships (up to 150, 000 tons). The speed of bulk carriers is usually about 28 km/hr (15 knots).

E. G. LOGVINOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
According to the ministry, all the Chinese nationals on the bulk freighter have been rescued.
The Hong Kong-registered 225-meter-long bulk freighter carried 64,000 tons of grain and was partly damaged.
TOKYO, Jan 7 (KUNA) -- China dispatched several vessels to search for and rescue crew members after a Panama-registered oil tanker and a Hong Kong-registered bulk freighter collided, state-run Xinhua News Agency reported Sunday.
All the 21 crew members on board the bulk freighter who were Chinese, had been rescued.
The collision, between a Panama-registered oil tanker and a Hong Kong-registered bulk freighter, occurred in waters about 160 sea miles east of the Yangtze River's estuary Saturday night, the ministry said.
This theme is taken on by Espen Ekberg, Even Lange and Eivund Merok, who examine the introduction of new forms of shipping, from very large bulk freighters to the container ship.
Prior to the acquisition, ESL Shipping's fleet comprised six dry bulk freighters and three barges.
Their last major upgrade was the opening of the Sault's Poe Lock in 1968, which paved the way for the introduction of the monstorous 1,000-foot bulk freighters.
In his 11 years at the helm, he guided ACC as it became the largest Canadian shipping company on the Great Lakes, with 29 self unloading carriers, bulk freighters and tankers.