Bulk Carrier

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bulk carrier

[¦bəlk ′kar·ē·ər]
(naval architecture)
A vessel designed to transport dry or liquid bulk cargo.

Bulk Carrier

 

a cargo vessel that transports loose and piece cargo without packaging (in bulk). A distinction is made between bulk carriers suitable for transporting a broad assortment of cargoes (general-purpose bulk carriers) or for a single type (ore carriers, coal carriers, cement carriers, and so on). Bulk carriers may also be adapted for transporting liquid cargoes, motor vehicles, and containers. Bulk carriers do not ordinarily have loading equipment; they are loaded and unloaded by port equipment. Some ships are equipped with conveyor belts or pneumatic devices to unload the hold (self-unloading ships).

General-purpose bulk carriers are single-deck vessels with an engine room and stern superstructure, usually with underdeck tanks along the cargo holds. The design of general-purpose bulk carriers (particularly the design in the upper part of the cargo hold of the inclined walls, and also the alternation of full and empty holds) ensures longitudinal and transverse self-distribution of the cargo and eliminates the excess stability typical of conventional cargo ships. Bulk carriers are larger and have greater cargo capacity than other dry-cargo ships (up to 150, 000 tons). The speed of bulk carriers is usually about 28 km/hr (15 knots).

E. G. LOGVINOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
For example, OpCost records that, at year-end 2008, the average daily operating cost for a Capesize Bulker was US$ 7,512.
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COSCO had recently invested in a version of mammoth bulkers, but they were only 300,000 tonners.
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The depression in the dry bulk market, driven by weak demand and firm supply growth in preceding years, saw bulker owners scrap over 30m dwt in 2015, close to the record of 33m dwt in 2012.
SHIPPING movements in the River Mersey today: Sofie Bulker, below, a bulk carrier vessel, carrying general biomass.
The THICI head pointed that for 2014 alone, the company is set to deliver 20 ships that are already on the order book, that is, two 180,000 deadweight metric tons (DWT) type cape-size bulkers, 11 ships that are 82,000 DWT type KAMSARMAX bulkers, six 58,000 DWT type HANDYMAX bulker ships, and one 45,000 DWT box-type bulker.
V Pearl Bulker carrying Containers, Palm Oil and Canola Seeds are expected to take berths at Container Terminal, Liquid Terminal and Grain and Fertilizer Terminal respectively on Thursday, 29th December, while another Container ship MSC Anfai is due to arrive at Port Qasim on 30th December.
Rates in the bulker segment were also under pressure, Torm said in its interim report.