Bulk Carrier

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bulk carrier

[¦bəlk ′kar·ē·ər]
(naval architecture)
A vessel designed to transport dry or liquid bulk cargo.

Bulk Carrier

 

a cargo vessel that transports loose and piece cargo without packaging (in bulk). A distinction is made between bulk carriers suitable for transporting a broad assortment of cargoes (general-purpose bulk carriers) or for a single type (ore carriers, coal carriers, cement carriers, and so on). Bulk carriers may also be adapted for transporting liquid cargoes, motor vehicles, and containers. Bulk carriers do not ordinarily have loading equipment; they are loaded and unloaded by port equipment. Some ships are equipped with conveyor belts or pneumatic devices to unload the hold (self-unloading ships).

General-purpose bulk carriers are single-deck vessels with an engine room and stern superstructure, usually with underdeck tanks along the cargo holds. The design of general-purpose bulk carriers (particularly the design in the upper part of the cargo hold of the inclined walls, and also the alternation of full and empty holds) ensures longitudinal and transverse self-distribution of the cargo and eliminates the excess stability typical of conventional cargo ships. Bulk carriers are larger and have greater cargo capacity than other dry-cargo ships (up to 150, 000 tons). The speed of bulk carriers is usually about 28 km/hr (15 knots).

E. G. LOGVINOVICH

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During the quarterly conference call with analysts held by Safe Bulkers on Sept.
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The studies reached across the maritime community and across nations and, together, pinpointed several reasons, including: the age of bulkers (all but two of the bulkers lost in 1990 were 15 years old or more, while six were more than 20 years old); the types of cargoes carried (coal or iron ore may encourage corrosion, while other cargoes may not); and high-speed loading procedures that cause stress to corroded hulls.
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President Nicos Anastasiades and Polys Hajioannou, Chairman and CEO of NYSE-listed Safe Bulkers Inc.