Rudolf Bultmann

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Rudolf Bultmann

Bultmann, Rudolf


Born Aug. 20, 1884, in Oldenburg. German Protestant theologian, philosopher, and historian of religion. Professor of theology at the University of Marburg from 1921 to 1951.

Bultmann’s theology verges on dialectical theology. His works in the 1920’s started the trend of the so-called school of historical form criticism in the study of religion. In the early 1940’s, Bultmann tried to resolve the internal duality of his theoretical tendencies (inclination toward the ideas of S. Kierkegaard on the one hand and toward the rationalist methodology of liberal Protestantism on the other hand) by urging that faith be “demythologized.” He proposed that a strict distinction be made within the body of Christian tradition between its transient mythological system of symbols and its permanent “message,” directed to man’s conscience and placing him in a life situation in which he has a choice; the myth is subject to rationalist criticism, but the message undergoes existentialist interpretation. This conception of Bultmann received sensational publicity but was criticized by the leaders of official Protestantism, who were displeased with the elimination of a large part of the substance of religious teaching, and by historians, who pointed to the arbitrariness of Bultmann’s approach to historical occurrences. K. Jaspers, who was closest to Bultmann, sharply criticized him for mixing theology with existentialist philosophy.


Die Frage der Entmythologisierung. Munich [1954]. (With K. Jaspers.)
Glauben und Verstehen: Gesammelte Aufsätze, vols. 1-3. Tübingen, 1958-62.
Das Evangelium des Johannes, 17th ed. Göttingen, 1962.


Barth, K. R. Bultmann, 2nd ed. Zurich, 1953.
Malet, A. Mythos et logos: La Pensée de R. Bultmann. Geneva, 1962.
Schmithals, W. Die Theologie R. Bultmanns. Tübingen, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
The logical nuances given by Bultmann to his "interpretation" of the cross are an effort to correct errors in the definition of miracles.
TYPE: Holotypus hoc loco: Rhizocarpo geographici-Rusavskion elegantis Creveld in Bultmann & al.
Thus, the antithesis that characterized the conflict between Bultmann and Kasemann arises out of their respective commitments to organizing Pauline psychology either according to the individual-existential (Bultmann) or the communal-cosmic (Kasemann),
Schreiber's problematic translation of works like The Sickness Unto Death were the sources through which Barth, Brunner, Bultmann, Tillich, Heidegger, Jaspers, and Adorno came to know Kierkegaard (294-95), which raises a major question for research.
Though students of Bultmann appreciated his attempts to "demythologize" Scripture, most eventually came to the conclusion that those for whom those writings were originally composed had to go one step further: to "remythologize" the text.
Para tanto, o presente artigo propoe-se a assinalar a possivel correlacao entre o procedimento desmitologizador de Rudolf Bultmann e o procedimento destruidor da fenomenologia hermeneutica de Heidegger.
Las dos ultimas publicaciones, que presento brevemente a continuacion, recogen las lecciones de 1940-41 y la correspondencia que mantiene con el teologo aleman Bultmann.
He had to complete the gesture of his life, which consisted mainly of hope and resilience--as he'd found in Udine and Bultmann at the war's end--and which he could only justify through his writing.
A pesar de que el ambiente de la nueva universidad no era de su agrado y permanentemente estaba de mal humor (Ott, 1992: 136-137), Heidegger encuentra un respiro y sosiego en la amistad de Rudolf Bultmann, quien se desempenaba tambien como profesor en la misma institucion.
Process (a new production technology that makes an outstanding contribution to sustainable development): Zenergy Power GmbH and Bultmann GmbH (Germany) for a project cutting energy consumption by 50% based on superconducting technology (www.
Zenergy Power (LSE: ZEN), a superconductor energy technology company, in collaboration with its partner Bultmann GmbH, has received a contract for a Magnetic Billet Heater (MHB).
Bultmann joins Caputo in considering the Kingdom of God to be at the "heart of the preaching of Jesus Christ" and also in prescribing that the biblical language of the kingdom should be understood as mythological, that is, as neither objectively scientific nor critically historiographical.