Bunge, Aleksandr

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bunge, Aleksandr Andreevich


Born Sept. 24 (Oct. 6), 1803, in Kiev; died July 6 (18), 1890, in Kiltsi, now Rakvere Raion, Estonian SSR. Russian flower taxonomist.

In 1825, Bunge graduated from the University of Derpt (now Tartu). He was a professor at the universities of Kazan (1833-36) and Derpt (1836-67). Bunge studied the flora of Altai. In the years 1830-32 he traveled in Mongolia and China. In the years 1857-59 he participated in the expeditions of the Russian Geographical Society to Persia. From 1867 he processed material he had collected. He wrote a monograph on the taxonomy of a number of genera of flowering plants, and he described many new species. Bunge was one of the founders of the geographical-morphological method in plant taxonomy.


Flora Altaika, vols. 1-4. Berlin, 1829-33. (With C. F. Ledebourand D. C. A. Meyer.)
“Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Flor Russlands und der Steppen Centrai-Asiens: Erste Abteilung, 1839-42.” Mémoires présentés à l’ Académie imp. des sciences de St. Pétersbourg par divers savants, 1854, vol. 7, pp. 181-535.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.