Emerging problems of Tospoviruses (Bunyaviridae
) and their management in the Indian subcontinent.
RVF is caused by the mosquito-borne phlebovirus, also belonging to the family Bunyaviridae
. The virus is widely distributed in Africa, including SA, but has also been reported from Saudi Arabia (after its introduction in 2000) and Madagascar.
There are an extensive number of arboviruses in the trisegmented ss-RNA Bunyaviridae
family, many of which only occur rarely.
The mosquitoes showed a wide-spectrum susceptibility to arboviruses which included members of the family Togaviridae, Flaviviridae, Rhabdoviridae and Bunyaviridae
. The natural isolations of JEV, RRV, GETV and Tembusu virus has already been documented earlier suggesting their susceptibility to these viruses.
Isolation, characterization and geographic distribution of Cano Delgadito virus, a newly discovered South American hantavirus (family Bunyaviridae
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a disease caused by a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus) of the Bunyaviridae
family "The ministry has stopped another farm in Nizwa from selling livestock," said a reliable source from the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries.
Segundo esse criterio, a maioria dos arbovirus atualmente registrados encontra-se distribuida dentro de seis familias: Bunyaviridae
, Flaviviridae, Reoviridae, Rhabdoviridae, Togaviridae e Asfaviridae (5).
(1,2) The causative agent is the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) that is a member of the genus Nairovirus of the family Bunyaviridae
. An additional mode of transmission is direct contact of broken skin or mucous membranes with blood or tissues of infected livestock or CCHF patients.
Members of the virus genera Hantavirus (family Bunyaviridae
) and Arenavirus (family Arenaviridae) are rodent-borne viruses with cosmopolitan distributions, primarily associated with the rodent families Cricetidae (New World) and Muridae (Old World).
GANV belongs to the genus Nairovirus of the family Bunyaviridae
and is closely associated antigenically with Nairobi Sheep Disease virus (NSDV), the most pathogenic virus known to sheep and goats in Africa (2).