Buphthalmos


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Buphthalmos

 

a pathologic enlargement of the eyeball. It is found principally in children with congenital glaucoma as a result of increased intraocular pressure, inasmuch as the eye membranes in a child yield more to distension than those of an adult. Buphthalmos in congenital glaucoma is also called hydrophthalmos (dropsy of the eye). With buphthalmos vision is severely diminished or completely lost. Surgery is the main treatment.

M. L. KRASNOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Abstract: An approximately 10-year-old, female Congo African grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus erithacus) developed progressive, unilateral exophthalmos and buphthalmos.
6%) of the cases in which CFP was indicated is due to congenital anomalies like microphthalmos, anophthalmos and in the cases of the Buphthalmos after the eye ball was removed surgically.
1974) reported the occurrence of buphthalmos caused by congenital glaucoma because of the interference of PPM with the drainage of aqueous humor in an inbred colony of rats of the WAG strain (YOUNG et al.
conjunctivitis, keratitis, lacerations of the eyelids, punctured wounds of eyelids, hyphema, sub-conjunctival lower eyelid abscess, bilateral prolapse of third eyelid, nodular conjunctival lesion after lumpy skin disease, foreign body in cornea, perforating corneal wounds and buphthalmos in cattle.
Buphthalmos refers to the typical appearance of the eye in primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) (see Figure 2), (22) a rare condition which usually appears at birth or within the first year of life, and accounts for between 0.
KEY WORDS: GLC3A Primary congenital glaucoma Genetic linkage Buphthalmos CYP1B1.
Another study on congenital malformations of the eyes reported that out of 109 eyes 38% had buphthalmos, 35% had cataract and 14% had nasolacrimal duct obstruction.
Blood vessel abnormalities of the eye are associated with glaucoma, which can injure the optic nerve or cause buphthalmos (eye enlargement), which in turn results in blindness in severe cases.
If the concern is a diffuse opacity, think of buphthalmos, congenital endothelial dystrophy, mucopolysaccharidosis, cystinosis, or hydrops (a break in the Descemet's membrane that causes rapid hydration and clouding of the cornea).
The also rare primary congenital glaucoma (PCG), sometimes referred to as buphthalmos, is congenital or manifests during the first 3 years of age (Shields et al.
Since the eye is immature, the pressure stretches the eye ball resulting in a big eye, or buphthalmos.