Type material: Holotype: Lower Miocene (Burdigalian
) beds of the outcrop near the Kireyevskoye village on the Ob' river, Tomsk oblast' - NG, collection IIK.60-Kire-1 (H3404 Komarov Botanical Institute), specimen Cl-8/1.
The Oligo-/Miocene Qom Formation (Iran): evidence for an early Burdigalian
restriction of the Tethyan Seaway and closure of its Iranian gateways.
The elasmobranch fauna of the late Burdigalian
, Miocene, at Werder-Uesen, Lower Saxony, Germany, and its relationships with Early Miocene faunas in the North Atlantic, Central Paratethys and Mediterranean.
A model of early calcite cementation in alluvial fans: Evidence from the Burdigalian
sandstones and limestones of the Valle'sPenede's half-graben (NE Spain), Sed.
The thrusting proceeded continuously, although with variable intensity, between Middle Burdigalian
and Serravallian times, at rates ranging from 7.7 to 12.3, and even 20 mm/a (Oszczypko, 1998).
Time interval: Late early Miocene (late Burdigalian
) to late Pliocene (Piacenzian), and possibly early Pleistocene.
Based upon benthic foraminifer's dispersion and strontium isotope stratigraphy, Rupelian to Burdigalian
age was considered for this formation [1,3,4,6,9].
The lithostratigraphic correlation between the sections, together with available magnetostratigraphic data (Larrasoana et al., 2006), permit dating the fossiliferous sites between 19.65 and 17.5 Ma (Burdigalian
) according to ATNTS2004 (Lourens et al., 2004) (Fig.
Catapsydrax stainforthi BOLLI, LOEBLICH, and TAPPAN are also found in this sub-member belonging to Burdigalian
In the early Miocene (Aquitanian and Burdigalian
, 23-16 Ma), occurrences of fossil Itea are widespread and nearly circumboreal in distribution, although only five are from outside of continental Europe.
Martinez-Martinez and Azanon (1997) inferred two nearly orthogonal extension episodes from the Burdigalian
to the Serravalian.
The latest Early Miocene (Burdigalian
) was marked by a new increase