Bureau of Indian Affairs


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Indian Affairs, Bureau of,

created (1824) in the U.S. War Dept. and transferred (1849) to the U.S. Dept. of the Interior. The War Dept. managed Native American affairs after 1789, but a separate bureau was not set up for many years. It had jurisdiction over trade with Native Americans, their removal to the West, their protection from exploitation, and their concentration on reservations. Because of wide dissatisfaction in the West over army administration of Native American affairs, the responsibility was given to the Dept. of the Interior and reorganized. The new bureau was no more successful than its predecessor in preventing wars with Native Americans or in protecting their rights. The Bureau of Indian Affairs instead evolved primarily into a land-administering agency, a process speeded up by the Dawes Act of 1887, the Burke Act of 1906, and the Wheeler-Howard Act of 1934, now acting as trustee over Native American lands and funds. The bureau also promotes agricultural and economic development, provides a health program, social services, Native American schools, and reclamation projects for Alaska Natives and Native Americans in the United States. The Bureau of Indian Affairs has also been officially called the Office of Indian Affairs and the Indian Service. Beginning in the early 1970s, Native American civil-rights groups, such as the American Indian MovementAmerican Indian Movement
(AIM), Native American civil-rights activist organization, founded in 1968 to encourage self-determination among Native Americans and to establish international recognition of their treaty rights.
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, began actively protesting their dissatisfaction with the bureau. In 1997 the bureau was accused by Interior Dept. auditors of mismanaging money owed to Native American tribes and individuals. A lawsuit on the issue, dating to 1996, was tentatively settled in 2009 for $3.4 billion (mainly for compensation and fractionated land ownership consolidation). Since 2011 a number of tribes have also won or settled claims resulting from alleged mismanagement, with compensation totaling about $1.9 billion.
References in periodicals archive ?
In fact, many people at these sites are living in extremely distressed, unsafe, and unsanitary conditions, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs has not committed the resources necessary to ensure the basic necessities of clean and safe living conditions at these sites.
The Bureau of Indian Affairs is currently reviewing the application to move the property adjacent to the Little Rock Port Authority's industrial park into federal trust, meaning it would not be subject to state and local jurisdictions.
Lamar is a former FBI Special Agent and Deputy Director of the Bureau of Indian Affairs Law Enforcement program, a member of the Blackfeet Nation, and a descendant of the Wichita Tribe of Oklahoma.
The federal Bureau of Indian Affairs has agreed to send an official to United Tribes Technical College, which could see severe cuts under President Bush's budget proposal, Sen.
Despite increasing calls for Amerindian sovereignty by the American Indian Movement and other groups, the Bureau of Indian Affairs celebrated its 175th anniversary in 2000 with an apology for past behavior, but no promises of new policy for the 21st century.
He was involved in the 1972 action that damaged the Bureau of Indian Affairs headquarters in Washington, D.
During this same period, the Bureau of Indian Affairs made a number of attempts to suppress Native American religion with a series of departmental regulations.
The Bureau of Indian Affairs did not use accurate data to substantiate its fiscal findings with respect to the impact of trust status of Indian land on municipalities.
Other members of the Mowhawks have now filed a lawsuit against the new pact, which came days after the Bureau of Indian Affairs approved its application for the Monticello casino and the cards were in Governor George Pataki's court.
She also makes some use of other records, such as population counts prepared before 1900 and Bureau of Indian Affairs records.
So CRAC joined forces with the local chapter of the National Audubon Society and the Humane Farming Association and successfully sued the Bureau of Indian Affairs to force the agency to halt the project until an EIS was completed.

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