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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an Austrian theater in Vienna. It opened on Mar. 14, 1741, under the name the Royal Theater at the Court. In the 1740’s operas and ballets were produced here with performances by Italian and French artists. In 1751 an Austrian dramatic troupe performed in the Burgtheater for the first time and then gradually pushed out foreign companies. The Burgtheater became the center of theater life in Austria. In 1776 it was renamed the Court and National Theater. One of its first directors was the actor and stage director J. F. Brockmann; in 1814 the theater came under the direction of the journalist and stage director J. Schrey vogel. Schreyvogel introduced the plays of Shakespeare and Goethe into the repertoire, and succeeded in getting the censorship’s bans lifted from the plays of Schiller and Lessing. Plays by F. Grillparzer were produced in the Burgtheater in the 1820’s. From 1849 to 1867 the theater was headed by the stage director H. Laube and became one of the leading European theaters. From 1870 to 1881 the theater was headed by F. von Dingelstedt, who paid special attention to the sets and music for productions. Plays by L. Anzengruber and H. Ibsen and the tragedies of Shakespeare were produced during this period.

In 1888 the theater moved to a new building. From 1899 to 1910 one of the leading actors of the Burgtheater was J. Kainz. In the beginning of the 20th century classical drama was the basis of the Burgtheater’s repertoire (including plays by L. Tolstoy). Plays by contemporary writers were performed at the Academic Theater, a branch of the Burgtheater. Among the leading actors of the Burgtheater in the 1930’s and 1940’s wereG. Reimers, R. Asian, E. Balser, and M. Eis. The theater building was demolished in a bombing in 1945 and was rebuilt in 1955. Among the theater’s most important productions in the 1950’s and 1960’s were Lessing’s Nathan the Wise, Schiller’s Maria Stuart, and Goethe’s Faust.

In the 1960’s the Burgtheater company included A. Scoda, P. Wessely, A. Hörbiger, A. Schmid, K. Gold, K. Dorsch, and H. Thimig.


Ignatov, S. Istoriia zapadno-evropeiskogo teatra novogo vremeni. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
Laube, H. Das Burgtheater. Leipzig, 1868.
Alth, M. Unser Burgtheater. Vienna, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
While the part did little to test his acting chops, it propelled him into a new orbit of stardom, even as he continues to tread the boards of Vienna's renowned Burgtheater.
To counter condemnation of the Nazi roots of the Freedom Party, Johann Gudenus, vice mayor of Vienna, proclaimed: '"The new fascism in Europe is Islamism.'" (45) In Vienna, the Burgtheater, used to stage anti-Semitic works during the 1940s, was the scene of an April, 2016 right wing protest of a performance of Die Schutzbefohlenen, a play against xenophobia, written in 2013 by Austrian Nobel laureate, Elfriede Jelinek.
Eben first treated the complex subject of Faust back in the 1970s, when he wrote the incidental music for an adaptation of Goethe's drama to commission for the Burgtheater in Vienna (directed by Otomar Krejca).
Mozart of course obliged, sent it to his father in Salzburg, and even he himself was amazed when, a year later, he conducted it for the first time at the Burgtheater in Vienna.
More appropriate to the Rousseau would have been Glucks Orfeo ed Euridice--a radical operatic game changer, first performed at the Burgtheater in Vienna in 1762.
You know I can't bear that - scratch by note, otherwise your scratching won't amount to much." How wrong he was | Beethoven was 30 when his first symphony was first performed in the Burgtheater in Vienna and it went where no symphony had ever gone before.
He was the soloist at its premiere on March 29, 1795, at Vienna's Burgtheater in a concert marking his public debut.
" Peter Zadek's Production of Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice and Marlowe's The Jew of Malta at Vienna's Burgtheater" (305-36): Susanne Vill, "Displaying Midsummer Night's Dreams" (337-70); Rudolf Weiss, "The Return of The Silent Woman: Stefan Zweig's Ben Jonson Adaptation for Richard Strauss and Ronald Harwood's Collaboration" (371-406); W.
Late in 2013 Barenreiter Verlag released a new edition by Thomas Betzwieser of a divertimento teatrale in one act: Antonio Salieri's Prima la musica, e poi la parola (Burgtheater, 1786).