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an Austrian theater in Vienna. It opened on Mar. 14, 1741, under the name the Royal Theater at the Court. In the 1740’s operas and ballets were produced here with performances by Italian and French artists. In 1751 an Austrian dramatic troupe performed in the Burgtheater for the first time and then gradually pushed out foreign companies. The Burgtheater became the center of theater life in Austria. In 1776 it was renamed the Court and National Theater. One of its first directors was the actor and stage director J. F. Brockmann; in 1814 the theater came under the direction of the journalist and stage director J. Schrey vogel. Schreyvogel introduced the plays of Shakespeare and Goethe into the repertoire, and succeeded in getting the censorship’s bans lifted from the plays of Schiller and Lessing. Plays by F. Grillparzer were produced in the Burgtheater in the 1820’s. From 1849 to 1867 the theater was headed by the stage director H. Laube and became one of the leading European theaters. From 1870 to 1881 the theater was headed by F. von Dingelstedt, who paid special attention to the sets and music for productions. Plays by L. Anzengruber and H. Ibsen and the tragedies of Shakespeare were produced during this period.

In 1888 the theater moved to a new building. From 1899 to 1910 one of the leading actors of the Burgtheater was J. Kainz. In the beginning of the 20th century classical drama was the basis of the Burgtheater’s repertoire (including plays by L. Tolstoy). Plays by contemporary writers were performed at the Academic Theater, a branch of the Burgtheater. Among the leading actors of the Burgtheater in the 1930’s and 1940’s wereG. Reimers, R. Asian, E. Balser, and M. Eis. The theater building was demolished in a bombing in 1945 and was rebuilt in 1955. Among the theater’s most important productions in the 1950’s and 1960’s were Lessing’s Nathan the Wise, Schiller’s Maria Stuart, and Goethe’s Faust.

In the 1960’s the Burgtheater company included A. Scoda, P. Wessely, A. Hörbiger, A. Schmid, K. Gold, K. Dorsch, and H. Thimig.


Ignatov, S. Istoriia zapadno-evropeiskogo teatra novogo vremeni. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
Laube, H. Das Burgtheater. Leipzig, 1868.
Alth, M. Unser Burgtheater. Vienna, 1955.
References in periodicals archive ?
With the libretto written by Lorenzi Da Ponte, the opera premiered at the Burgtheater in Vienna on January 26, 1790.
The libretto was written by Lorenzo Da Ponte and it premiered at the Burgtheater in Vienna on 26 January 1790.
Exchange is an essential part of the festival and that's why it's great that there are so many informal networking opportunities -- we have the festival lounge at the Burgtheater vestibule every night, and the workshops are all based in the Arsenal area to open the door for effortless encounters.
In 1888, Klimt was awarded by Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria for his contributions to mural paintings in the Burgtheater in Vienna.
Premiering in 1998 in Vienna's Burgtheater as Ein Sportstck, the play received a 55-minute standing ovation.
The second display, 'Gustav Klimt at the Kunsthistorisches Museum', which ended on 6 May, focused on the series of 13 paintings that Klimt, aged just 28, executed in 1890-91 for the main staircase of the Kunsthistorisches Museum--a special platform was erected during the exhibition, allowing visitors to study the works close up--and also featured an earlier, 1886 series commissioned for the ceiling of the Burgtheater.
Since then, San Francisco's Coit Tower and City Hall, Selfridges department store in London, the Cibeles fountain in Madrid, an entire town on the Costa Blanca in Spain, Moraira, Vienna's Burgtheater and the Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw have come on board.
The first performance was at the Burgtheater in Vienna on January 26, 1790.
More works by Gustav Klimt will be on display in Vienna in 2012 than ever before: from his decoration work in the Burgtheater and the Kunsthistorisches Museum to his largely unknown drawings and world-renowned paintings like 'The Kiss'," Vienna's tourism board has already advertised.
Later in her life, as a freelance stage and costume desinger, Tsvetkova worked in Germany's largest theatres, as well as the Theatre National de la Colline in Paris and the Burgtheater in Vienna.
Vienna's Fairytale Christmas" is staged between Vienna City Hall and the Burgtheater from 12 November to 24 December.
In the 1950s Holzmeister returned to stage design and again worked for the Salzburg Festival (Don Giovanni) as well as the Vienna State Opera (Fidelio, 1955, for the opening of the renovated State Opera) and the Burgtheater.