Burhanettin, Gazi Ahmet

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Burhanettin, Gazi Ahmet


(also Burhanettin Sivasi). Born Jan. 8, 1345, in Kayseri; died 1398. Poet, scientist, and statesman who wrote in Azerbaijani, Persian, and Turkish.

Burhanettin studied in Egypt and Iraq. During the years 1365 to 1380 he was first the kadi (religious judge) and later the ruler of Sivas, in Turkey, holding the title of sultan. His verse divan, preserved in a single copy in the British Museum (London; facsimile in Istanbul, 1943), consists of 1, 500 ghazals, 20 quatrains (rubai), and 119 tuyugs, or short mystical erotic verses. The influence of mysticism does not overshadow the major aspect of his verses, which is living human thoughts and feelings. The severe spirit of a poet-warrior and Burhanettin’s sincerity are felt in his poetry. The verses are written primarily according to the rules of aruz. Burhanettin was the author of works on Muslim jurisprudence.


Krymskii, A. Istoriia Turtsii i ee literatury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1916.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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