Buriat


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Buriat

 

the language of the Buriats, who live in the Buriat Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic; Ust’-Orda Buriat National Okrug, Irkutsk Oblast; Aga-Buriat National Okrug, Chita Oblast, RSFSR; the northern part of the Mongolian People’s Republic; and the northeastern part of the People’s Republic of China. The number of Buriat speakers in the USSR is approximately 239, 000 (1959).

Buriat belongs to the Mongolian group of languages. The grammatical structure is agglutinative. Vowels are subject to rules of vowel harmony and are short and long. The Buriat vocabulary is rich and distinctive. The Buriats did not have their own writing system before the October Revolution; the Old Mongolian writing system had been used for business correspondence and instruction in reading and writing since the 18th century. In 1931 a writing system based on the Roman alphabet was created, and in 1939, one based on Russian. A modern Buriat literary language, based on the Khorints dialect, took shape in the late 1930’s.

REFERENCES

Amogolonov, D. D. Sovremennyi buriatskii iazyk. Ulan-Ude, 1958.
Grammatika buriatskogo iazyka: Fonetika i morfologiia, part 1. Moscow, 1962.
Bertagaev, T. A., and Ts. B. Tsydendambaev. Grammatika buriatskogo iazyka: Sintaksis. Moscow, 1962.
Cheremisov, K. M. Buriat-mongol’sko-russkii slovaf. Moscow, 1951.
Russko-buriat-mongol’ skii slovar’. Moscow, 1954.

T. G. BRIANTSEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
31) The Buriat was also employed (probably by O'Connor) as a British intelligence agent, earning 55 rupees a month for providing information gathered from Tibetans in Darjeeling bazaar.
In a book of more than six hundred pages that is supposed to celebrate the European industry of production, what is celebrated is the calm activity of the Asian civilization paired with the stability of the Buriat who settles down in order to erect a house.
Humphrey (1998:482) describes Buriat pastoralists as survivors of the transition, not through adherence to Soviet blueprints, but through their collective enterprises, which combine a locally retained pre-Soviet reliance on clan-based economies with ideas from "globalized management-speak.
How could such an |innocent' visit by a Buriat lama have initiated such havoc?
For example, theories on the place of the Siberian natives in a new Siberia as seen by the Siberian Oblastiki (Regionalists/Nationalists), the arguments over the "correct" role for native Siberian nationalists in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and the activities of numerous Buriat, Kalmykh, and Tungus intellectuals of the late imperial period are a few of the topics that must be understood to evaluate the effect of the Russian governmental policies and the unconscious effect of Russian presence upon the peoples of Siberia.
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Ruzgys's views on the initially suspicious attitude of local residents, which he attributes to the Lithuanian special settlers' arrival in a Buriat village in a convoy.
Ethnic groups (2004): About 95% Mongol (predominantly Khalkha); 5% Turkic (largest group, Kazakh); Buriat.
Its shores are home to a wide variety of animals--including bears, wolves, foxes, sables, and minks--as well as the Buriat Mongolian people, the largest non-Russian ethnic group in Siberia.
Hundley, "Defending the Periphery: Tsarist Management of Buriat Buddhism," Russian Review 69, 2 (2010): 231-50.
21) In her 1993 work on the Soviet-German syphilis expedition to Buriat Mongolia, we already find analysis of the 1928 bilateral venture as "a classic illustration of the dynamics of cross-national science.
Serebrennikov produced studies of Buriat society, and later of Manchuria.