Buriat


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Buriat

 

the language of the Buriats, who live in the Buriat Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic; Ust’-Orda Buriat National Okrug, Irkutsk Oblast; Aga-Buriat National Okrug, Chita Oblast, RSFSR; the northern part of the Mongolian People’s Republic; and the northeastern part of the People’s Republic of China. The number of Buriat speakers in the USSR is approximately 239, 000 (1959).

Buriat belongs to the Mongolian group of languages. The grammatical structure is agglutinative. Vowels are subject to rules of vowel harmony and are short and long. The Buriat vocabulary is rich and distinctive. The Buriats did not have their own writing system before the October Revolution; the Old Mongolian writing system had been used for business correspondence and instruction in reading and writing since the 18th century. In 1931 a writing system based on the Roman alphabet was created, and in 1939, one based on Russian. A modern Buriat literary language, based on the Khorints dialect, took shape in the late 1930’s.

REFERENCES

Amogolonov, D. D. Sovremennyi buriatskii iazyk. Ulan-Ude, 1958.
Grammatika buriatskogo iazyka: Fonetika i morfologiia, part 1. Moscow, 1962.
Bertagaev, T. A., and Ts. B. Tsydendambaev. Grammatika buriatskogo iazyka: Sintaksis. Moscow, 1962.
Cheremisov, K. M. Buriat-mongol’sko-russkii slovaf. Moscow, 1951.
Russko-buriat-mongol’ skii slovar’. Moscow, 1954.

T. G. BRIANTSEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Among ethnic Mongols, the Khalkha comprise about 90% and the remaining 10% include Dorvod, Tuvan, and Buriat Mongols in the north and Dariganga Mongols in the east.
Actually, the heads of the Buriat people of Siberia tend to be broad, perhaps an adaption to cold climates (Balter, 2005).
Unlike the Mongolian who is always moving and therefore always a "barbaro," the Buriat understands that "[l]a civilta non comincia che quando la tenda si trasforma in casa [.
In a book of more than six hundred pages that is supposed to celebrate the European industry of production, what is celebrated is the calm activity of the Asian civilization paired with the stability of the Buriat who settles down in order to erect a house.
He estimated that only 15 percent of the laymen and 5 percent of the lamas could read, adding that if the mission were to be successful, the Bible needed to be translated into Buriat (a related language), which the Mongols could understand.
In the huge tent - home to Mongol, Altian, Buriat and Tartar tribes - visitors can learn to make felt, partake in construction, magic workshops or hear stories from the yurt's homeland.
The early Upper Palaeolithic site Varvarina Gora ('Barbarian's Mountain') is located 4 km north of the village of Staraia Brian', Buriat Republic, Russia, along the left bank of the Brianka River, 300 km southeast of Makarovo-4 [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 1 OMITTED] (51 [degrees] 35 [minutes] N, 108 [degrees] 6 [minutes] E).
The precarious nature of civil war after 1917 combined with the growth of Altai, Buriat, and Yakut separatist movements was followed by the new Soviet state bringing autonomy, education, and health services in the 1920s.
0 is available in over 70 languages: Afrikaans, Albanian, Altai, Arabic, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belorussian, Bengali, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Buriat, Castilian Spanish, Chechen, Chinese-Mandarin, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dari, Dutch, English, Estonian, Farsi, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Latin, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luxembourgish, Macedonian, Malay, Mirandese, Mongolian, Norwegian, Pashto, Polish, Portuguese- Brazilian, Portuguese- European, Romanian, Russian, Scottish Gaelic, Serbian, Slovak, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Tagalog, Tajiki, Thai, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvan, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, and Zulu.
Ethnic groups (2004): About 95% Mongol (predominantly Khalkha); 5% Turkic (largest group, Kazakh); Buriat.