Jean Buridan

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Buridan, Jean


Born circa 1300 in Bethune (Artois); died circa 1358. French philosopher; a representative of nominalism.

Buridan began teaching at the University of Paris in 1328. He contributed to the dissemination in France of Ockham’s philosophy and many concepts of natural science (explanation of the movement of falling bodies and the possibility of unlimited immovable space, for example). Buridan saw the problem of freedom of will as logically insoluble. He did not coin the proverbial expression “Buridan’s ass.”


Quaestiones super libris quattuor de caelo et mundo. Cambridge, Mass., 1942.


Istoriia filosofii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1941. Page 478.
Maier, A. Die Vorläufer Galileis im 14. Jahrhundert. Rome, 1949.
Faral, E. “Jean Buridan, maître ès arts de l’Université de Paris.” In his book Histoire littéraire de la France. Paris, 1950.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Philosophie des Geistes im Spatmittelalter: Intellekt, Materie und Intentionalitat bei Johannes Buridan (German Edition)
The landscape completely fits with the principles of Buridan's Donkey, where a donkey both hungry and thirsty, is placed in between the grass and water.
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The philosophy section ranges through fourteenth-century nominalism and probabilism (with two papers on Jean Buridan), medieval understandings of Augustine on lying, and realist philosophies of truth from the thirteenth to fourteenth centuries.
ao suspender o juizo sobre tudo, o cetico ficara como o medieval asno de Buridan, incapaz de escolher uma via para a acao e, logo, reduzir-sea a inatividade).