Jean Buridan

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Buridan, Jean

 

Born circa 1300 in Bethune (Artois); died circa 1358. French philosopher; a representative of nominalism.

Buridan began teaching at the University of Paris in 1328. He contributed to the dissemination in France of Ockham’s philosophy and many concepts of natural science (explanation of the movement of falling bodies and the possibility of unlimited immovable space, for example). Buridan saw the problem of freedom of will as logically insoluble. He did not coin the proverbial expression “Buridan’s ass.”

WORKS

Quaestiones super libris quattuor de caelo et mundo. Cambridge, Mass., 1942.

REFERENCES

Istoriia filosofii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1941. Page 478.
Maier, A. Die Vorläufer Galileis im 14. Jahrhundert. Rome, 1949.
Faral, E. “Jean Buridan, maître ès arts de l’Université de Paris.” In his book Histoire littéraire de la France. Paris, 1950.
References in classic literature ?
Yes," added Planchet, "like the famous ass of Buridan.
4 McErin, 5 Declarationofpeace, 7 Santry, 8 Havana Grey, 10 Buridan, Denaar, Nine Below Zero, 12 Cardsharp, Murillo, Out of The Flames, Roussel, True Blue Moon, 14 Frozen Angel.
La orientacion hacia una meta presupone conciencia; eso es lo que se nos repite desde Johannes Buridan hasta Wolfgang Stegmuller.
The author also argues that while this fact has historical interest, its primary interest is philosophical in nature: it shows Buridan developing a distinction that contemporary philosophers find useful in elaborating a metaphysical basis for theories of persistence.
Vitoria dialoga con la tradicion patristica (especialmente con san Agustin) y con toda la escolastica, no solo la dominicana, con autores como Escoto, Ockham, Buridan, y otros autores mas cercanos en el tiempo (Abulense, Aimain, Crockaert, etc.
Hardly anyone addressed the likelihood of alien life, although both Jean Buridan in Paris and William of Ockham in Oxford did consider the possibility.
La posicion spinoziana no desmotiva, sino, al contrario, es motivadora: no estamos como el asno de Buridan en igualdad de circunstancias para actuar o no actuar, pues sabemos de antemano que buscamos nuestra perfeccion, entender, aumentar nuestro poder, etc.
Buridan la satisfaccion de las necesidades era la medida real de los bienes; y para Bernardino de Siena el valor de uso dependia de tres elementos: virtuositas, varitas y complacibilitas, aunque pensaba que la utilidad era intrinseca al bien; el resolvio la paradoja del valor: el hecho de que algunos bienes con alto valor de uso tienen poco valor de cambio, y otros de poco valor de uso tienen alto valor de cambio, introduciendo el concepto de escasez (raritas).
John Buridan, </Quaestiones Super Octo Libros Physicorum Aristotelis (Secundum Ultimam Lecturam)</l>: Libri I - II
It is no accident that the roots of the Scientific Revolution of Renaissance Europe can be found in the Middle Ages when the first universities were being formed and scientists the likes of Roger Bacon, Oerseme, and Buridan were laying down the foundations for modern science by challenging the scientific ideas of Aristotle.
Durandus of Saint-Pourcain, William of Alnwick, Walter of Chatton, John Buridan, Peter of Candia), but the weight of the book lies more in the postmedieval period.
Dopo due anni dalla sua apparizione in Francia, Einaudi pubblica Il rinoceronte, nel 1960, con la traduzione di Giorgio Buridan.