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the language of the Buriats, who live in the Buriat Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic; Ust’-Orda Buriat National Okrug, Irkutsk Oblast; Aga-Buriat National Okrug, Chita Oblast, RSFSR; the northern part of the Mongolian People’s Republic; and the northeastern part of the People’s Republic of China. The number of Buriat speakers in the USSR is approximately 239, 000 (1959).

Buriat belongs to the Mongolian group of languages. The grammatical structure is agglutinative. Vowels are subject to rules of vowel harmony and are short and long. The Buriat vocabulary is rich and distinctive. The Buriats did not have their own writing system before the October Revolution; the Old Mongolian writing system had been used for business correspondence and instruction in reading and writing since the 18th century. In 1931 a writing system based on the Roman alphabet was created, and in 1939, one based on Russian. A modern Buriat literary language, based on the Khorints dialect, took shape in the late 1930’s.


Amogolonov, D. D. Sovremennyi buriatskii iazyk. Ulan-Ude, 1958.
Grammatika buriatskogo iazyka: Fonetika i morfologiia, part 1. Moscow, 1962.
Bertagaev, T. A., and Ts. B. Tsydendambaev. Grammatika buriatskogo iazyka: Sintaksis. Moscow, 1962.
Cheremisov, K. M. Buriat-mongol’sko-russkii slovaf. Moscow, 1951.
Russko-buriat-mongol’ skii slovar’. Moscow, 1954.


References in periodicals archive ?
Siberian Shamanism: The Shanar Ritual of the Buryats belongs in any new age spirituality collection strong in shamanism, and offers a close inspection of the remote Buryats, an indigenous people who reside at the intersection of Mongolia, Siberia, and China.
The importance of song can best be seen at Buryat weddings.
Elena Vandakurova, of the Buryat people round Lake Baikal in Siberia, the birthplace of the Russian environmental movement, talked about the Great Baikal Trail project, a successful attempt to build cultural identity across administrative separations.
12; Roswell Rudd & the Mongolian Buryat Band, Nov.
The Buryat of Siberia, also believed that their 'World Tree' (Toroo) was a sacred site.
A raiz de la colonizacion rusa de estas tierras, los rusos constituyeron alla la mayoria lo que sirvio para Stalin de mecanismo a fin de distanciar a los buryat de sus antepasados mongoles y convertidos en fieles subditos sovieticos.
IN 1996, I GOT OFF A PLANE IN SIBERIA AND WAS MET BY three actors from the Buryat National Theatre.
rural areas sparsely populated by farmers and shepherds, a varied landscape, a multinational, bilingual population--many with a Buddhist cultural background alongside others with a Russian Orthodox or shamanist background, the historically important Eastern-Western Buryat division, traditional tribal family and community psychology, varied local economies, etc.
Though their ancestors long ago conquered the people after whom the republic is named, the fall of the USSR has created a space in which Buryat emancipation has become at least a thinkable possiblity.
MOSCOW--The Khankhalaev Gallery in Moscow is introducing the Buryat Siberian artist Dashi Namdakov to the international and American art market with the publication of a series of limited-edition bronze sculptures available in editions of 15.
This debate was also reflected in the response of groups being missionized; was conversion to Orthodoxy, therefore, compatible with retaining one's distinct ethnic identity (as Tatar, Buryat, Kazakh, Mari) or was conversion to Orthodoxy tantamount to becoming Russian?
The Lake Baikal region, in the heart of the Asian landmass, has long been famous for its beauty, and the lake is known as the "Pearl of Siberia" by the Buryat people living on its shores.