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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the language of the Buriats, who live in the Buriat Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic; Ust’-Orda Buriat National Okrug, Irkutsk Oblast; Aga-Buriat National Okrug, Chita Oblast, RSFSR; the northern part of the Mongolian People’s Republic; and the northeastern part of the People’s Republic of China. The number of Buriat speakers in the USSR is approximately 239, 000 (1959).

Buriat belongs to the Mongolian group of languages. The grammatical structure is agglutinative. Vowels are subject to rules of vowel harmony and are short and long. The Buriat vocabulary is rich and distinctive. The Buriats did not have their own writing system before the October Revolution; the Old Mongolian writing system had been used for business correspondence and instruction in reading and writing since the 18th century. In 1931 a writing system based on the Roman alphabet was created, and in 1939, one based on Russian. A modern Buriat literary language, based on the Khorints dialect, took shape in the late 1930’s.


Amogolonov, D. D. Sovremennyi buriatskii iazyk. Ulan-Ude, 1958.
Grammatika buriatskogo iazyka: Fonetika i morfologiia, part 1. Moscow, 1962.
Bertagaev, T. A., and Ts. B. Tsydendambaev. Grammatika buriatskogo iazyka: Sintaksis. Moscow, 1962.
Cheremisov, K. M. Buriat-mongol’sko-russkii slovaf. Moscow, 1951.
Russko-buriat-mongol’ skii slovar’. Moscow, 1954.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Siberian Shamanism: The Shanar Ritual of the Buryats belongs in any new age spirituality collection strong in shamanism, and offers a close inspection of the remote Buryats, an indigenous people who reside at the intersection of Mongolia, Siberia, and China.
The importance of song can best be seen at Buryat weddings.
MegaFon, a mobile operator in Russia, has introduced commercial network operations in the Irkutsk Region and the Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous District, within the Siberian Federal District.
Elena Vandakurova, of the Buryat people round Lake Baikal in Siberia, the birthplace of the Russian environmental movement, talked about the Great Baikal Trail project, a successful attempt to build cultural identity across administrative separations.
IN 1996, I GOT OFF A PLANE IN SIBERIA AND WAS MET BY three actors from the Buryat National Theatre.
Though their ancestors long ago conquered the people after whom the republic is named, the fall of the USSR has created a space in which Buryat emancipation has become at least a thinkable possiblity.
MOSCOW--The Khankhalaev Gallery in Moscow is introducing the Buryat Siberian artist Dashi Namdakov to the international and American art market with the publication of a series of limited-edition bronze sculptures available in editions of 15.
Sergei Shapkhaev, a Buryat representative to the USSR Congress of People's Deputies who has worked incessantly for Baikal protection, would be project coordinator.
Buryat scholar Tsybikov (1873-1930) journeyed to Tibet between 1899 and 1902, and wrote this account based on his journal entries.
Margarita Boronova examines the development of the Buryat intelligentsia before the 1917 Revolution.