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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the language of the Buriats, who live in the Buriat Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic; Ust’-Orda Buriat National Okrug, Irkutsk Oblast; Aga-Buriat National Okrug, Chita Oblast, RSFSR; the northern part of the Mongolian People’s Republic; and the northeastern part of the People’s Republic of China. The number of Buriat speakers in the USSR is approximately 239, 000 (1959).

Buriat belongs to the Mongolian group of languages. The grammatical structure is agglutinative. Vowels are subject to rules of vowel harmony and are short and long. The Buriat vocabulary is rich and distinctive. The Buriats did not have their own writing system before the October Revolution; the Old Mongolian writing system had been used for business correspondence and instruction in reading and writing since the 18th century. In 1931 a writing system based on the Roman alphabet was created, and in 1939, one based on Russian. A modern Buriat literary language, based on the Khorints dialect, took shape in the late 1930’s.


Amogolonov, D. D. Sovremennyi buriatskii iazyk. Ulan-Ude, 1958.
Grammatika buriatskogo iazyka: Fonetika i morfologiia, part 1. Moscow, 1962.
Bertagaev, T. A., and Ts. B. Tsydendambaev. Grammatika buriatskogo iazyka: Sintaksis. Moscow, 1962.
Cheremisov, K. M. Buriat-mongol’sko-russkii slovaf. Moscow, 1951.
Russko-buriat-mongol’ skii slovar’. Moscow, 1954.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
But Artur Tsybikov, called the deputy chief shaman of Russia, said: "We - Buryats - believe that the camel is the highest sacral animal.
"The camel is a sacral animal for the Buryat people, but we never sacrifice it.
Translations of Buryat ceremonial songs and chants pair with discussions of how the shaman traditions differ from other cultures in a discussion that comes packed with gorgeous color photos to compliment the spiritual and cultural insights.
From their earliest years, young Buryats, especially the girls, are encouraged to dance.
A historical piece about the 19th century Khori Buryat prince, the lyrics connect listeners to both his fate and the fate of Buryats under the conquerors.
IN 1996, I GOT OFF A PLANE IN SIBERIA AND WAS MET BY three actors from the Buryat National Theatre.
Our recent show, The Warrior's Sister--based on Buryat epic songs, or uligers--grew from Yara's artistic exchanges with Buryat artists.
Though the Buryats have given their country its name, they know that they are not masters there.
He agreed, with two conditions: that the majority of the team be Russian (including Buryats), and that the map and regulatory structure to be developed focus on the dual objectives of environmental protection and economic growth.
Buryats and other Asian peoples of Russia were as knitted into this situation as any Soviet citizens.
Montgomery (history, Baldwin-Wallace College) examines Russian and Soviet nationalities policy towards the Buryat people of Siberia through the lens of Buryat language culture.
The Tract in the Mongolian language that Bawden examines was printed especially for the missionaries of the London Missionary Society who were active among the Buryat Mongols of Siberia between 1818 and 1847.