Buriat

(redirected from Buryats)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Buryats: Buryat Republic, Buryatia

Buriat

 

the language of the Buriats, who live in the Buriat Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic; Ust’-Orda Buriat National Okrug, Irkutsk Oblast; Aga-Buriat National Okrug, Chita Oblast, RSFSR; the northern part of the Mongolian People’s Republic; and the northeastern part of the People’s Republic of China. The number of Buriat speakers in the USSR is approximately 239, 000 (1959).

Buriat belongs to the Mongolian group of languages. The grammatical structure is agglutinative. Vowels are subject to rules of vowel harmony and are short and long. The Buriat vocabulary is rich and distinctive. The Buriats did not have their own writing system before the October Revolution; the Old Mongolian writing system had been used for business correspondence and instruction in reading and writing since the 18th century. In 1931 a writing system based on the Roman alphabet was created, and in 1939, one based on Russian. A modern Buriat literary language, based on the Khorints dialect, took shape in the late 1930’s.

REFERENCES

Amogolonov, D. D. Sovremennyi buriatskii iazyk. Ulan-Ude, 1958.
Grammatika buriatskogo iazyka: Fonetika i morfologiia, part 1. Moscow, 1962.
Bertagaev, T. A., and Ts. B. Tsydendambaev. Grammatika buriatskogo iazyka: Sintaksis. Moscow, 1962.
Cheremisov, K. M. Buriat-mongol’sko-russkii slovaf. Moscow, 1951.
Russko-buriat-mongol’ skii slovar’. Moscow, 1954.

T. G. BRIANTSEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Translations of Buryat ceremonial songs and chants pair with discussions of how the shaman traditions differ from other cultures in a discussion that comes packed with gorgeous color photos to compliment the spiritual and cultural insights.
The Buryats are an indigenous Mongoloid nationality, numbering about 400,000 in Russia.
From their earliest years, young Buryats, especially the girls, are encouraged to dance.
IN 1996, I GOT OFF A PLANE IN SIBERIA AND WAS MET BY three actors from the Buryat National Theatre.
Our recent show, The Warrior's Sister--based on Buryat epic songs, or uligers--grew from Yara's artistic exchanges with Buryat artists.
Though the Buryats have given their country its name, they know that they are not masters there.
Sergei Shapkhaev, a Buryat representative to the USSR Congress of People's Deputies who has worked incessantly for Baikal protection, would be project coordinator.
It is the configurations of contemporary political landscapes that make the difference, for in provincial Russia and China the subject positions of Buryats and Mongols are still subordinated within political structures that close off space for open public discussion.
Montgomery (history, Baldwin-Wallace College) examines Russian and Soviet nationalities policy towards the Buryat people of Siberia through the lens of Buryat language culture.
Whereas indigenous populations formed outright majorities in two of the previously autonomous regions (Komi-Permyak Autonomous Oblast and Agin-Buryat Autonomous Oblast), and more than a quarter of the population in another two (Koryak Autonomous Oblast and Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Oblast), they form small, nearly insignificant minorities in the resultant mergers (see Table 2).
The Lake Baikal region, in the heart of the Asian landmass, has long been famous for its beauty, and the lake is known as the "Pearl of Siberia" by the Buryat people living on its shores.
The Tract in the Mongolian language that Bawden examines was printed especially for the missionaries of the London Missionary Society who were active among the Buryat Mongols of Siberia between 1818 and 1847.