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(bo͞o`sän), Jap. Fusan, city (1995 pop. 3,813,814), extreme SE South Korea, on the Korea Strait. It is the nation's second largest city and largest port, handling most of South Korea's foreign trade. Since 1963, Busan has been a independent metropolitan city with the status of a province. Lying at the head of the Nakdong River basin, it has served as a main southern gateway to Korea from Japan, which, during its rule over Korea (1905–45), developed Busan's excellent natural harbor. It is now one of the world's busiest container ports and a major transshipment center. The city is also the southern terminus of the main railroad line from Seoul. Busan began construction on its first subway in 1980.

A leading industrial and commercial center, Busan's manufactures include ships, vehicles and vehicle parts, iron, steel, electronics, textiles, plywood, chemicals, ceramics, paper, tires and other rubber products, frozen seafood, and fishing nets. There are also important ship-repair facilities, railroad shops, and several thermal and hydroelectric power stations. Fishing and agriculture are carried on chiefly for local consumption. Nearby hot springs and coastal beaches have made Busan a popular resort city.

The city became a major port under the Chinese Empire. It was invaded in 1592 by the Japanese, who had long maintained a trading post there; however, the Japanese forces were recalled in 1598. In 1876 the Koreans were compelled to sign a treaty opening Busan to Japanese trade and immigration. In 1883 the port was opened to general foreign commerce. During the Korean War it was (Aug–Sept., 1950) the site of a United Nations beachhead (see IncheonIncheon
or Inchon
, city (1995 pop. 2,307,618), Gyeonggi (Kyonggi) prov., NW South Korea, on the Yellow Sea (or West Sea). The country's second largest port, Incheon has an ice-free harbor (protected by a tidal basin) and is the port and commercial center for Seoul.
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). Refugees from the war more than doubled Busan's population. The city is the seat of a number of universities and colleges; landmarks include the Beomeo Temple.

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References in periodicals archive ?
"I've always wanted to do something for Busan, the city I was born and raised in.
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The performance titled "Hi Five Busan, BOF" is to kick off on Oct 20 at 7 pm in Busan Asiad Main Stadium, introducing K-content which express Busan.
The followinf firms submitted proposals in October: Busan Joint Venture (Busan JV); Joint Venture of DM Consunji, Inc., Beta Electric Corporation, Baudis Bergmann Rosch Rail Automation GmbH, and Hamburg Consult GmbH; and the Joint Venture of Schunk Bahn-Und Industrietechnik GmbH and Comm Builders and Technology Philippines Corporation.
Opening of the Busan health tourism promotion office was held today.
Some of the attractions delegates immersed themselves with included wearing the traditional Korean Hanbok at Gamcheon Cultural Village, learning the art of peace during the Beomosa Temple's tea ceremony, and a fine-dining experience at the Nurimaru APEC House in Busan.
Higfig.com's information covers insider tips, insights, and knowledge needed to plan your trip for Busan. The Planning section on Hipfig.com offers practical tips including budgeting help and hotel neighborhood information in Busan.
Busan Bank selected the IBM MobileFirst application development portfolio to create a secure platform that allows developers to create rich, easy-to-use apps for multiple devices.
Korea-based Busan Bank has announced that it has selected a solution from IBM to enhance its mobile apps.
29 September 2014 -- US-based IT firm IBM (NYSE: IBM) has announced a collaboration with Korea-based Busan Bank to create a set of secure customised mobile apps that will improve employee productivity and decision making to enhance the customer experience.
The Busan assembly will be remembered for many things, including the pain of Korean division and the witness of the Korean churches for peace and reconciliation in the Korean peninsula.