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(bo͞o`sän), Jap. Fusan, city (1995 pop. 3,813,814), extreme SE South Korea, on the Korea Strait. It is the nation's second largest city and largest port, handling most of South Korea's foreign trade. Since 1963, Busan has been a independent metropolitan city with the status of a province. Lying at the head of the Nakdong River basin, it has served as a main southern gateway to Korea from Japan, which, during its rule over Korea (1905–45), developed Busan's excellent natural harbor. It is now one of the world's busiest container ports and a major transshipment center. The city is also the southern terminus of the main railroad line from Seoul. Busan began construction on its first subway in 1980.

A leading industrial and commercial center, Busan's manufactures include ships, vehicles and vehicle parts, iron, steel, electronics, textiles, plywood, chemicals, ceramics, paper, tires and other rubber products, frozen seafood, and fishing nets. There are also important ship-repair facilities, railroad shops, and several thermal and hydroelectric power stations. Fishing and agriculture are carried on chiefly for local consumption. Nearby hot springs and coastal beaches have made Busan a popular resort city.

The city became a major port under the Chinese Empire. It was invaded in 1592 by the Japanese, who had long maintained a trading post there; however, the Japanese forces were recalled in 1598. In 1876 the Koreans were compelled to sign a treaty opening Busan to Japanese trade and immigration. In 1883 the port was opened to general foreign commerce. During the Korean War it was (Aug–Sept., 1950) the site of a United Nations beachhead (see IncheonIncheon
or Inchon
, city (1995 pop. 2,307,618), Gyeonggi (Kyonggi) prov., NW South Korea, on the Yellow Sea (or West Sea). The country's second largest port, Incheon has an ice-free harbor (protected by a tidal basin) and is the port and commercial center for Seoul.
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). Refugees from the war more than doubled Busan's population. The city is the seat of a number of universities and colleges; landmarks include the Beomeo Temple.

References in periodicals archive ?
The France-based automaker is decreasing production at its Renault-Samsung plant in Busan, South Korea, by up to 20 percent.
15 meters to claim victory, making it third time lucky after finishing runner-up in Busan, South Korea, in 2002 and in Doha four years ago.
The latest maritime interdiction drill performed in waters off Busan, South Korea, was an example of the kind of cooperation that can be facilitated by the international community.
FORWARD Surinder Kaur will lead India at the inaugural Asian Women's Champions Trophy to be held at Busan, South Korea, from July 27- 31.
SIR - I am acting on behalf of the authorities at the United Nations Memorial Cemetery in Busan, South Korea where more than 800 British servicemen are at rest.
Unless promptly addressed by credible policy action, financial market stresses could have material effects on growth," the IMF warned in the report prepared for a June 4-5 meeting of G-20 finance ministers and central bank governors in Busan, South Korea.
BUSAN, Jun 16, 2010 (TUR) -- Turkish President Abdullah Gul visited the Turkish Martyrdom in Busan, South Korea on Wednesday.
The banks are planning to delay the withdrawal of emergency stimulus measures even as G-20 finance chiefs are to begin talks today in Busan, South Korea.
Korea), June 3 (ANI): Union Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee arrived today in Busan, South Korea on a three days visit to attend G-20 Finance Ministers meeting to be held on June 4-5.
Park holds a Master of Architecture from Texas A&M University and a Bachelor of Architecture from Dong-A University, located in Busan, South Korea.
The president arrived in Busan, South Korea, for the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit and a one-on-one meeting with South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun.
FIFA have placed Ireland in the second tier for the 2002 World Cup finals draw in Busan, South Korea, on Saturday.