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(bo͞o`sän), Jap. Fusan, city (1995 pop. 3,813,814), extreme SE South Korea, on the Korea Strait. It is the nation's second largest city and largest port, handling most of South Korea's foreign trade. Since 1963, Busan has been a independent metropolitan city with the status of a province. Lying at the head of the Nakdong River basin, it has served as a main southern gateway to Korea from Japan, which, during its rule over Korea (1905–45), developed Busan's excellent natural harbor. It is now one of the world's busiest container ports and a major transshipment center. The city is also the southern terminus of the main railroad line from Seoul. Busan began construction on its first subway in 1980.

A leading industrial and commercial center, Busan's manufactures include ships, vehicles and vehicle parts, iron, steel, electronics, textiles, plywood, chemicals, ceramics, paper, tires and other rubber products, frozen seafood, and fishing nets. There are also important ship-repair facilities, railroad shops, and several thermal and hydroelectric power stations. Fishing and agriculture are carried on chiefly for local consumption. Nearby hot springs and coastal beaches have made Busan a popular resort city.

The city became a major port under the Chinese Empire. It was invaded in 1592 by the Japanese, who had long maintained a trading post there; however, the Japanese forces were recalled in 1598. In 1876 the Koreans were compelled to sign a treaty opening Busan to Japanese trade and immigration. In 1883 the port was opened to general foreign commerce. During the Korean War it was (Aug–Sept., 1950) the site of a United Nations beachhead (see IncheonIncheon
or Inchon
, city (1995 pop. 2,307,618), Gyeonggi (Kyonggi) prov., NW South Korea, on the Yellow Sea (or West Sea). The country's second largest port, Incheon has an ice-free harbor (protected by a tidal basin) and is the port and commercial center for Seoul.
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). Refugees from the war more than doubled Busan's population. The city is the seat of a number of universities and colleges; landmarks include the Beomeo Temple.

References in periodicals archive ?
South Korean actress Jeon Do-yeon shouts to her fans as she arrives to attend "Open Talk" during the Busan International Film Festival in Busan, South Korea.
said Friday it will begin a daily flight between Osaka and Busan, South Korea, on Sept.
I AM acting on behalf of the United Nations Memorial Cemetery in Busan, South Korea, where more than 800 British servicemen are at rest.
A Korean War veteran was recently laid to rest in the United Nations Memorial Cemetery in Busan, South Korea.
Park Hyatt Busan will open in 2013, and will be part of a mixed-use development project in Busan, South Korea.
The 27 member states' ministers of development adopted a common EU position, on 14 November, for the 4th High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness that will take place in Busan, South Korea, from 29 November to 1 December.
THE UN Memorial Cemetery in Busan, South Korea, where over 800 British servicemen are at rest, wish to obtain photos of those servicemen interred there and also those who died but have no known grave.
15 meters to claim victory, making it third time lucky after finishing runner-up in Busan, South Korea, in 2002 and in Doha four years ago.
FORWARD Surinder Kaur will lead India at the inaugural Asian Women's Champions Trophy to be held at Busan, South Korea, from July 27- 31.
SIR - I am acting on behalf of the authorities at the United Nations Memorial Cemetery in Busan, South Korea where more than 800 British servicemen are at rest.
Unless promptly addressed by credible policy action, financial market stresses could have material effects on growth," the IMF warned in the report prepared for a June 4-5 meeting of G-20 finance ministers and central bank governors in Busan, South Korea.
BUSAN, Jun 16, 2010 (TUR) -- Turkish President Abdullah Gul visited the Turkish Martyrdom in Busan, South Korea on Wednesday.