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(bo͞oshĕr`) or


(–shĭr`), city (1991 pop. 132,824), SW Iran, on the Persian Gulf. It is one of the chief ports of Iran, handling about 75% of Iran's foreign trade, and is the terminus of a trade route from Shiraz, Esfahan, and Tehran. An oil center for the region, Bushehr has thermoelectric and nuclear power plants and a fishing industry. Carpets, agricultural products, cotton, and wool are exported.

Bushehr was founded in 1736 by Nadir Shah. It was used by the British as a base for their Persian Gulf fleet in the 18th cent. and became a major commercial port in the 19th cent. It suffered heavy damage during the Iran-Iraq WarIran-Iraq War,
1980–88, protracted military conflict between Iran and Iraq. It officially began on Sept. 22, 1980, with an Iraqi land and air invasion of western Iran, although Iraqi spokespersons maintained that Iran had been engaging in artillery attacks on Iraqi towns
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 in the 1980s.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Salehi had announced in July that his country had started construction of two new nuclear power plants in the Southern city of Bushehr.
On May 3, Trump administration reduced waivers for Russian and European countries from 180 days to 90 days to cooperate with Iran on the nuclear sites of Bushehr, Arak and Fordow, without facing U.S.
Reports stated the epicenter of the earthquake was in the town of Kaki, the capital city of Kaki District, in Dashti County, Bushehr Province. 
Mahmud Jafari, project manager for the plant, told a ceremony as foundation work began Saturday that the second nuclear plant at Bushehr would become operational in 2025 and a planned third plant in 2027.
First power unit of Bushehr NPP was connected to the national grid of Iran on September 3, 2011.
TEHRAN: Iran and Russia are to begin construction on two new nuclear reactors at Iran's Bushehr nuclear power plant, the head of the Atomic Energy Organization in Tehran said late Wednesday.
Russian Ambassador to Iran Levan Dzhagaryan said earlier in September that Moscow was ready to increase its nuclear cooperation with Tehran even after the Islamic Republic takes full control of the Russian-built Bushehr nuclear power plant.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) "should send a specialised technical team to inspect the Bushehr nuclear plant and investigate potential damage", GCC Secretary-General Abdulatif Al Zayani told an emergency meeting of top Gulf emergency officials.
Offices in the capitals of Qatar and Bahrain were evacuated after the quake, whose epicentre was 89 km (55 miles) southeast of the port city of Bushehr, according to the U.S.
Summary: Washington:US intelligence agencies have significantly stepped up spying operations on Iran's Bushehr nuclear reactor prompted ...