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see SanSan
, people of SW Africa (mainly Botswana, Namibia, Angola, and South Africa), consisting of several groups and numbering about 100,000 in all. They are generally short in stature; their skin is yellowish brown in color; and they have broad noses, flat ears, bulging foreheads,
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the oldest indigenous population of southern and eastern Africa. The Bushmen live in the Namib and Kalahari deserts, in the vicinity of the Etosha depresion in Namibia, and regions adjacent to it in Botswana, Angola, and the Republic of South Africa; there is a small number in Tanzania. Total population is approximately 50, 000 (1967 estimate). They speak Bushman and Bantu languages. At one time the Bushmen were settled throughout southern Africa, but they were driven back by Bantu peoples migrating from the north and European colonizers (from the south); the latter systematically exterminated the Bushmen. They lead the life of nomadic hunters and gatherers of wild fruits.

The Bushmen are widely known as skillful masters of expressive paintings on rocks. These paintings, executed with mineral and earth pigments, including lime and soot, which aie diluted in water and animal fat, are preserved on the territory of the Republic of South Africa, Lesotho, Rhodesia, and Namibia. The dating of the oldest of these paintings is associated with various theories on the origin of Bushman art and ranges from thousands to several hundreds of years B.C. Motifs in the paintings include realistically depicted animals, dynamic hunting and battle scenes filled with expression, human figures in very elongated proportions, and fabulous creatures. The oldest layers were done with one pigment (red or brown), whereas recent layers (late 19th century) are multicolored with soft transitional tones.


Ellenberger, V. Tragicheskii konets bushmenov. Moscow, 1956. (Translated from French.)
Tonque, H. Bushmen Paintings. Oxford, 1909.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
These traits were shoveling, Bushmen canine, distal accessory ridge and cusp of Carabelli.
Anyway, once I had a .22 Magnum rifle I could shoot the odd impala for visiting clans of bushmen coming to visit their children at the mission.
The bokmakierie (a bushshrike, Telophorus zeyloms) was said to come to inform Bushmen (not involved in the theft) of other Bushmen stealing cattle, telling them of 'bad things which it knows'.
“Despite exploring an area notorious for large game, the team will be protected by the San bushmen's intuitive ability to read the land, the animals and fresh tracks.”
The bushmen will track a wounded animal for days, if necessary, and nearly always find it.
"Survival has written to dozens of tour operators in Africa, Europe, Asia and the USA, including Trailfinders, Intrepid and Absolute Travel urging them to suspend their trips to Botswana over the disgraceful treatment of the last hunting Bushmen in Africa; and will be launching a new advertising campaign in travel magazines around the world," the organisation (http://www.survivalinternational.org/news/9586) said in a statement.
The Nyae Nyae !Kung Bushmen think of the Sun as a "death thing" because of its searing heat and the association with thirst, hunger, and exhaustion.
Cue a chorus of tongue-clicking from the bushmen. I couldn't be sure but I took it to mean, "nice work, son".
"What I read was that as late as the early 1900s, you could buy a hunting license to shoot bushmen, like shooting a wild animal.
Michael Wessels se Bushman letters: interpreting /Xam narrative (2010), verskyn teen hierdie agtergrond--asof dit 'n antwoord op Solomon se oproep is, maar ook baie kort op die hakke van Shane Moran, sy Natalse kollega in Durban aan die Universiteit van Kwazulu-Natal, se uitdagende Representing Bushmen: South African and the origin of language (2009).
The court's decision reverses a July 2010 ruling that banned the Bushmen, also known as the Basalava, from drilling for water on their ancestral lands in the Kalahari Game Reserve.