Bushmen


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Bushmen:

see SanSan
, people of SW Africa (mainly Botswana, Namibia, Angola, and South Africa), consisting of several groups and numbering about 100,000 in all. They are generally short in stature; their skin is yellowish brown in color; and they have broad noses, flat ears, bulging foreheads,
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Bushmen

 

the oldest indigenous population of southern and eastern Africa. The Bushmen live in the Namib and Kalahari deserts, in the vicinity of the Etosha depresion in Namibia, and regions adjacent to it in Botswana, Angola, and the Republic of South Africa; there is a small number in Tanzania. Total population is approximately 50, 000 (1967 estimate). They speak Bushman and Bantu languages. At one time the Bushmen were settled throughout southern Africa, but they were driven back by Bantu peoples migrating from the north and European colonizers (from the south); the latter systematically exterminated the Bushmen. They lead the life of nomadic hunters and gatherers of wild fruits.

The Bushmen are widely known as skillful masters of expressive paintings on rocks. These paintings, executed with mineral and earth pigments, including lime and soot, which aie diluted in water and animal fat, are preserved on the territory of the Republic of South Africa, Lesotho, Rhodesia, and Namibia. The dating of the oldest of these paintings is associated with various theories on the origin of Bushman art and ranges from thousands to several hundreds of years B.C. Motifs in the paintings include realistically depicted animals, dynamic hunting and battle scenes filled with expression, human figures in very elongated proportions, and fabulous creatures. The oldest layers were done with one pigment (red or brown), whereas recent layers (late 19th century) are multicolored with soft transitional tones.

REFERENCES

Ellenberger, V. Tragicheskii konets bushmenov. Moscow, 1956. (Translated from French.)
Tonque, H. Bushmen Paintings. Oxford, 1909.
References in periodicals archive ?
As Geographical went to press, the Gana and Gwi Bushmen and Bakgalagadi people of Botswana's Central Kalahari Game Reserve (CKGR) were returning to court to appeal against the Botswanan government's eviction policy.
Botswana's government claims it cannot afford the US$3 cost per person per week to supply water and other services to the bushmen.
Using prose that is simple, moving and powerful, Isaacson conveys his progress from blundering tourist to trusted friend of many Bushmen.
If the threat is carried out, it would be disastrous for the Bushmen communities, who depend on the regular deliveries of water to survive during the dry season.
The bushmen will track a wounded animal for days, if necessary, and nearly always find it.
We are deeply troubled to read Survival s letter and learn about the degrading treatment of the Bushmen at the hands of the government.
Survival has written to dozens of tour operators in Africa, Europe, Asia and the USA, including Trailfinders, Intrepid and Absolute Travel urging them to suspend their trips to Botswana over the disgraceful treatment of the last hunting Bushmen in Africa; and will be launching a new advertising campaign in travel magazines around the world," the organisation (http://www.
While the /Xam Bushmen believed the stars were formerly people, some
Up until that minute, I had been starting to feel quite at home relaxing among the San bushmen of Namibia.
However, her short story was never published, and it took many years before she released her first novel, Salt And Honey, which sheds light on the plight of the San tribe of South Africa (also known as the bushmen of the Kalahari).
Uiteindelik haak Wessels vas op die punt wat ook in Shane Moran se boek, Representing Bushmen: South Africa and the origin on language (2009), ter sprake gekom het--die beskuldiging dat "nostalgia for a lost origin" 'n "consistent strain in both popular conceptions concerning Bushmen and Bushman studies itself" is.
The court's decision reverses a July 2010 ruling that banned the Bushmen, also known as the Basalava, from drilling for water on their ancestral lands in the Kalahari Game Reserve.