Bushuev Breed

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bushuev Breed

 

a dairy breed of cattle developed in Uzbekistan. The agronomist M. M. Bushuev laid the foundation for the formation of the breed between 1903 and 1918. Local zebu-like cattle were crossed with bulls of a Dutch breed, and the crossbreeds were propagated among themselves and subsequently improved with Schwitz and Dutch breeds. Animals of the Bushuev breed are larger than the zebu-like cattle and their milk production is greater. They adapt to local conditions, tolerate heat well, and are resistant to blood-parasite diseases. They are white with black or red ears, dark “spectacles” around the eyes, and small black or red pigmented spots on the skin. The liveweight of bulls is 700 kg, and of cows 400 kg. The milk yield is usually 2, 400 kg, with the best yields as high as 4, 500 kg. The fat content of the milk is 3.9-4.1 percent; sometimes as high as 5.5 percent. The breed is raised in the Uzbek SSR. The best pedigreed stock farms are the Pervomaets Sovkhoz No. 2 and the Akhunbabaev Kolkhoz in Syr Darya Oblast and the Krasnyi Vodopad Sovkhoz in Tashkent Oblast.

N. P. GERCHIKOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.