Bournemouth

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Bournemouth

(bôrn`məth), borough and unitary authority (1991 pop. 142,849), S central England, on Poole Bay. It has grown since the middle of the 19th cent. from a small fishing village in the sheltered, pine-wooded valley of the Bourne to a popular resort and fine-arts center. It has an excellent sandy beach, a temperate climate, and numerous parks. The writer Mary ShelleyShelley, Mary Wollstonecraft,
1797–1851, English author; daughter of William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft. In 1814 she fell in love with the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, accompanied him abroad, and after the death of his first wife in 1816 was married to him.
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 is buried in the city's parish churchyard.

Bournemouth

 

a city (county borough) in Great Britain, in the county of Hampshire on the English Channel, with a population of 151,500 (1968). There are metalworking, electrotechnical, and pharmaceutical enterprises. Bournemouth is a large seaside health resort—the English Riviera. The climate is even, with small temperature variations over the year. The average annual temperature is 11.5° C. The winters are mild with average January temperatures of 6° C as are the summers, which have average July temperatures of 16.2° C. Annual precipitation is about 750 mm. Therapeutic remedies include sea bathing and baths and aero-heliotherapy. Bournemouth is well known for its fine-sand beaches extending almost 10 km and attractive boardwalk equipped for terrainkuhr (walking therapy). There are many parks totaling about 600 hectares. Sports facilities include indoor pools and artificial skating rinks, yacht clubs, and tennis courts. Persons suffering from anemia, nontubercular diseases of the respiratory organs, and functional disorders of the nervous system are treated here.

A. D. BORISOV

Bournemouth

1. a resort in S England, in Bournemouth unitary authority, Dorset, on the English Channel. Pop.: 167 527 (2001)
2. a unitary authority in SE Dorset. Pop.: 163 700 (2003 est.). Area: 46 sq. km (17 sq. miles)