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see BasraBasra
, Arabic al Basrah, city (1987 pop. 406,296), SE Iraq, on the Shatt al Arab. Basra is Iraq's second largest city and principal port. Its commercially advantageous location, near oil fields and 75 mi (121 km) from the Persian Gulf, has made it prosperous, and oil is
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, Iraq.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(in antiquity, Bostra), a city in southern Syria. In ancient times Busra was a city of the Nabataean Kingdom; in A.D. 106 it became the chief center of the Roman province of Arabia. In the seventh century it was conquered by the Arabs. Monuments from Roman times have been partially preserved, such as colonnades of the central street, a triple-span arch, thermae, ruins of palaces, a hippodrome, and a theater (the best of the ancient theaters in Syria). Busra also has the remains of a Christian cathedral (A.D. 513), which is one of the first examples of circular construction with a cupola. A citadel, several mosques, and the most ancient madrasah in Syria date back to the 11th or 12th century.


Ouéchek, E., and S. Mougdad. Bosra. Damascus, 1954.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Basrah, Busra, Busrah
a port in SE Iraq, on the Shatt-al-Arab. Pop.: 1 187 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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References in periodicals archive ?
"The Russian Army insisted that the talks with the opposition regarding the Syrian south take place in Busra Al Sham, based on a policy of dividing the armed groups.
Busra Sham had remained firmly in the hands of President Bashar Assad's troops throughout the four-year-old conflict and was considered to be a stronghold of pro-government forces in the southern province of Daraa.
There was no immediate comment from the government on the fall of Busra Sham, a town in southern Syria classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its historic citadel, ruins and well-preserved Roman amphitheater.
Adel al-Omari, an activist in the area, said troops have been shelling Busra al-Harir and the nearby rural region of Lajat since midday Monday.
A housewife in Busra, who did not want to be named, told Reuters by telephone that the town was being hit by machinegun fire from tanks.
Professor Busra Ersanli, who was a member of the pro-Kurdish Peace and Democracy Party's (BDP) constitutional commission, was also charged and sent to jail.
Busra Ersanli and Ragip Zarakolu of Belge Publishing, to a courthouse in Istanbul for questioning Tuesday in a crackdown on the autonomy-seeking Kurdistan Workers' Party or PKK.
The claims came as two civilians were reportedly shot dead when police opened fire at a protest in Busra al-Harir, in the Hauran Plain.
Witnesses say forces also killed two protesters in the village of Busra al-Harir in the southern Hauran plain.
A police spokesman Thursday said that police conducted raids at various illegal LPG refilling points and arrested six shopkeepers including Amir and Qaisar from Samanabad, Sagar from Shalimar park, Waqar Javed from chak 215-RB, Muddasar from Busra town and Ghulam Shabbir from Bhawana road.
According to the source, the large convoy consisted of more than 300 rebels from the Southern town of Busra Al-Sham in Dara'a, the AMN reported.
One hundred Phnong ethnic people in Mondulkiri province's Busra commune have thumbprinted a petition to reject Thieng Try Company's request for an economic land concession to grow coffee in the area.