cryptococcosis

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cryptococcosis:

see fungal infectionfungal infection,
infection caused by a fungus (see Fungi), some affecting animals, others plants. Fungal Infections of Human and Animals

Many fungal infections, or mycoses, of humans and animals affect only the outer layers of skin, and although they are sometimes
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cryptococcosis

 

(European blastomycosis), a deep-systemic fungal disease of man and animals caused by the yeastlike fungus Cryptococcus neoformans.

Cryptococcosis is a rare and serious disease, found in all countries. The sources of infection for man and the paths of dissemination of the pathogenic principle are unknown.

In man, cryptococcosis is characterized by predominant affection of the lungs, central nervous system, skin, and subcutaneous tissue, with subsequent metastases to the viscera. Diagnosis of the disease is difficult; laboratory diagnosis consists in isolation of the causative agent. The disease is treated medicinally (amphotericin B), combined with anticryptococcal rabbit serum or gamma globulin.

In animals, cryptococcosis is widespread in the USA, Denmark, Italy, France, and the Netherlands, and it has been recorded in Switzerland and the USSR. Cattle, cats, dogs, and monkeys are affected. The causative agent enters the animal’s body through the respiratory and digestive tracts. In cattle, cryptococcosis produces alternate chills and fever, swelling and soreness in the udders, a sharp decrease in milk production, and, with metastasis to the lungs, pneumonia. In dogs and cats, it affects the lungs and central nervous system. The diseased animals show disturbances of coordination, labored breathing, cough, and, occasionally, blindness. Treatment has not been developed. Zoo-hygienic and sanitary measures are of decisive importance in preventing cryptococcosis in animals.

REFERENCE

Spesivtseva, N. A. Mikozy i mikotoksikozy, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

cryptococcosis

[‚krip·tə·kä′kō·səs]
(medicine)
A yeast infection of humans, primarily of the central nervous system, caused by Cryptococcus neoformans. Also known as torulosis.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.