bustard

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Related to Bustards: Otididae, houbara bustards

bustard

(bŭs`tərd), a heavy-bodied, ground-running bird of the family Otididae. Various species are found throughout the arid regions of Africa, Asia, Australia, and S Europe. Bustards range in length from 14 1-2 to 52 in. (37–132 cm) and include the heaviest birds capable of flight. The great bustard, Otis tarda, of Europe and central Asia, is the largest European land-bird; the adult male may be 4 ft (10.2 m) long with an 8-ft (20.3-m) wingspan and may weigh 30 lb (13.6 kg) or more. The kori bustard, Ardeotis kori, found in Africa, is slightly larger on average. The great Indian bustard, A. nigriceps, which is a little smaller, is now endangered.

Bustards are stocky birds with long necks and strong legs; their feet are built for running, with flat toes, broad soles, and no hind toe. The species vary in color from gray to brown, and many are spotted or barred above and white, buff, or black below. Bustards live mainly on grassy plains or in brushlands. Although they are strong fliers, they seldom leave the ground. They wander about in flocks of a dozen or more birds, feeding on leaves, seeds, and insects, especially beetles. The males are polygamous and fight fiercely during the breeding season. The female lays and incubates from one to five eggs, according to the species; the chicks are able to fly at the age of six weeks.

Bustards have been extensively hunted for food; they are extinct in Britain and are becoming scarce in the northern part of their range. The more than two dozen species are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Gruiformes, family Otididae.

bustard

any terrestrial bird of the family Otididae, inhabiting open regions of the Old World: order Gruiformes (cranes, rails, etc.). They have long strong legs, a heavy body, a long neck, and speckled plumage
References in periodicals archive ?
Health considerations of the rehabilitation of illegally traded houbara bustards Chlamydotis undulata macqueenii in the Middle East.
Monitoring to improve understanding of the interaction between released bustards and their environment;
He said: "A very high percentage in any given area of bustards and cranes were being wiped out - literally every kilometre along the cable routes was littered with dead birds, and there was a danger of them becoming locally extinct.
The hunting of houbara bustard also involves threat to species of endangered falcons which are being continuously poached and traded for multi-millions in the hunters market.
This transfer is an important milestone in the UAE's journey to conserve the endangered Houbara bustard.
A second female bustard named Fanny has chicks to name also, and I wonder what other ridiculous names will be suggested, in this case by viewers to the television programme concerned.
The return to the UK of the Great Bustard, the world's heaviest flying bird, came after a 172-year absence.
The great bustard, the world's heaviest flying bird, is now found in northern Europe and parts of Spain.
During severe winters, great bustards tend to migrate to better feeding territories dozens or even hundreds of miles away, and there is no guarantee of their return the following spring.
This will reveal the ecological relationships between bustards and different fire regimes, land uses and land productivity at specific sites.
I was sad to read that the Great Bustard will never flap its wings in Britain again.
On January 18, the Federal Minister for Climate Change Senator Mushahidullah Khan chaired the second meeting of the Houbara Bustard Endowment Fund and Migratory Birds.