bustard

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Related to Bustards: Otididae, houbara bustards

bustard

(bŭs`tərd), a heavy-bodied, ground-running bird of the family Otididae. Various species are found throughout the arid regions of Africa, Asia, Australia, and S Europe. Bustards range in length from 14 1-2 to 52 in. (37–132 cm) and include the heaviest birds capable of flight. The great bustard, Otis tarda, of Europe and central Asia, is the largest European land-bird; the adult male may be 4 ft (10.2 m) long with an 8-ft (20.3-m) wingspan and may weigh 30 lb (13.6 kg) or more. The kori bustard, Ardeotis kori, found in Africa, is slightly larger on average. The great Indian bustard, A. nigriceps, which is a little smaller, is now endangered.

Bustards are stocky birds with long necks and strong legs; their feet are built for running, with flat toes, broad soles, and no hind toe. The species vary in color from gray to brown, and many are spotted or barred above and white, buff, or black below. Bustards live mainly on grassy plains or in brushlands. Although they are strong fliers, they seldom leave the ground. They wander about in flocks of a dozen or more birds, feeding on leaves, seeds, and insects, especially beetles. The males are polygamous and fight fiercely during the breeding season. The female lays and incubates from one to five eggs, according to the species; the chicks are able to fly at the age of six weeks.

Bustards have been extensively hunted for food; they are extinct in Britain and are becoming scarce in the northern part of their range. The more than two dozen species are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Gruiformes, family Otididae.

bustard

any terrestrial bird of the family Otididae, inhabiting open regions of the Old World: order Gruiformes (cranes, rails, etc.). They have long strong legs, a heavy body, a long neck, and speckled plumage
References in periodicals archive ?
Abu Dhabi: In line with the Shaikh Khalifa resettlement programme for Houbara of the International Fund for Houbara Conservation, based in Abu Dhabi, Shaikh Hamdan bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Ruler's Representative in the Western Region, has released 80 Asian Houbara Bustards in Al Marzoum area, Abu Dhabi.
On behalf of the Foreign Ministry, Deputy Attorney General (DAG) Mian Irfan gave the assurace in this regard before Justice Shams Mehmood Mirza, who was hearing a petition filed by Naeem Sadiq, challenging 33 special permits issued to royals and senior officials from the Gulf to hunt the protected houbara bustard.
As an extremely-endangered species, bustards are included by the International Center for Birds of Prey (ICBP) in the red book of the world's endangered birds.
The court noted that the global population of Houbara Bustards has, recently been estimated between 78,960 and 97,000, as reported by the International Union of Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in the IUCN List of Threatened Species ( and lt;www.
Diseases and Medical Management of Houbara Bustards and Other Otididae.
During nakabandi at Wanda Banochi and Ghoriwala checkpoints on Bannu-DI Khan road the team recovered two houbara bustard from Jamal Umar resident of Khost (Afghanistan) and 24 grey partridges from Rafiullah resident of Mandan (Bannu) , he maintained.
The Wildlife Board has given a green signal to an irrigation project inside the Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary
Houbara Bustards can be identified by their mottled brown top and white underside, with black stripes along their neck.
Arab sheikhs regularly travel to Pakistan to hunt the houbara bustards using falcons.
Last year a Saudi royal illegally hunted more than 2,000 houbara bustards, which are protected under Pakistani law.
That's the courtship display North African birds called houbara bustards (Chlamydotis undulata) perform repeatedly.
ISLAMABAD -- Environmental experts have expressed concern over growing trend of illegal shooting of migratory Siberian cranes and Bustards in winter with arms.