Butler, Zebulon

Butler, Zebulon,

1731–95, American colonial leader, b. Ipswich, Mass. After serving in the French and Indian WarsFrench and Indian Wars,
1689–1763, the name given by American historians to the North American colonial wars between Great Britain and France in the late 17th and the 18th cent.
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, Butler led a group of Connecticut settlers to the Wyoming ValleyWyoming Valley,
c.20 mi (30 km) long and 3 to 4 mi (4.8–6.4 km) wide, in Luzerne co., NE Pa., through which flows the Susquehanna River. Wilkes-Barre is the major city of this once-rich anthracite coal region.
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 in N Pennsylvania. He was military leader of the Connecticut settlers in the Pennamite Wars and served as director of the Susquehanna CompanySusquehanna Company,
land company formed (1753) in Connecticut for the purpose of developing the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania. A tract of land was purchased from the Native Americans in 1754, and preparations were made for development.
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. Butler represented (1774–76) the Wyoming Valley in the Connecticut assembly. A colonel in the Revolution, he was defeated (1778) by Loyalists under John ButlerButler, John,
1728–96, Loyalist commander in the American Revolution, b. New London, Conn. He served in the French and Indian Wars and distinguished himself especially by leading the Native Americans in the successful British attack (1759) under Sir William Johnson against
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 and fled to Forty Fort; the Wyoming Valley massacre followed. Butler escaped and later was military commandant of the region.
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