Buthrotum

(redirected from Butrinto)

Buthrotum

(byo͞othrō`təm), city of ancient EpirusEpirus
, ancient country of Greece, on the Ionian Sea and W of Macedon and Thessaly, a region now occupied by NW Greece and S Albania. At the time of Homer, Epirus was known as the home of the oracle of Dodona.
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, in S Albania, 8 mi (12.9 km) S of Sarandë, opposite N end of the island of KérkiraKérkira
or Corfu
, Lat. Corcyra, island (1991 pop. 104,781), 229 sq mi (593 sq km), NW Greece, in the Ionian Sea, the second largest of the Ionian Islands, separated by a narrow channel from the Albanian and Greek coasts.
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 (Corfu) on an inland lagoon off the Corfu Straits. Dating probably from the 8th cent. B.C. it was the site of a shrine of AsclepiusAsclepius
, Lat. Aesculapius , legendary Greek physician; son of Apollo and Coronis. His first teacher was the wise centaur Chiron. When he became so skillful in healing that he could revive the dead, Zeus killed him.
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 and a fortress covering approaches to Kérkira. The city became one of the leading centers of Epirus and was located, under Roman rule, on a main road. It declined in the late 6th cent. A.D., but revived beginning in the late 11th cent. as fortress town under the Byzantines, Crusaders, and Venetians, finally passing to Ottoman rule (1798–1912). On its site is the modern Albanian village of Butrint (bo͞o-trēnt`), where Italian excavations in the 1930s uncovered Greek, Roman, Byzantine, and Venetian remains of the ancient city, including a theater (4th cent. B.C.), a baptistery (4th cent. A.D.), Roman baths, Byzantine churches, and Venetian castle (now a museum). The ancient ruins and surrounding area became a national park in 2000.

Buthrotum

 

(present-day Butrint or Butrinti), a city on Lake Butrint, in Epirus (Albania). Founded by settlers from Corinth and Corfu at the turn of the sixth century B.C.; destroyed by the Visigoths in about A.D. 551. The city completely ceased to exist after the Turkish conquest (15th century). The ruins were partially excavated in 1928-35 by the Italian L. Ugolini. The walls that surrounded the acropolis in the fifth and fourth centuries B.C., as well as gates (including the Lion Gates, which have a lion worked in relief on their architrave), were excavated. In the lower city there is a temple of Aesculapius, where a statue of the god still stands, and a theater dating from the third century B.C. , with 19 rows of seats and with marble statues (including the “Goddess of Butrinti,” sculpted by a member of the school of Praxiteles). Remains of homes and public buildings, showing occasional traces of murals, have also been found. There is a baptistry with a mosaic floor dating from the seventh century, a Venetian fortress dating from the 14th century, and other structures. Part of the city is an open-air museum.

REFERENCES

Ugolini, L. M. Albania antica: L’acropolidiButrinto. Rome, 1937.
Adhami, S. Monumente të cultures né Shqipëri. Tirana, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
His old favourite took him on to the eight mark - equalling his total number of wins last season - at Lingfield on Wednesday, while a short-head success on Butrinto yesterday made it number nine.
Earlier, Metcalfe's boyfriend Chalmers, from Wantage, kept up his recent good run with his eighth winner since the New Year when he scored on Butrinto in the Bet Direct On 0800 32 93 93 Selling Stakes, beating Bank On Him by a short head.
The fact that he managed to stay on board puts him one ahead of Callan in my affections but if he is to win a race on Butrinto he will have to come late.
At Brighton, Butrinto can record his third course-and-distance victory of the season in the seven-furlong Broadland Group/Spartan Safety Wear Classified Stakes.
EPSOM trainer Brett Johnson continues to do well with limited resources and Butrinto can serve up another reminder of the Australian's skills in the Showcase event at Lingfield tomorrow, the Tote Quick Pick Stakes.
At Brighton Butrinto can record his third course and distance victory of the season in the seven-furlong Broadland Group/Spartan Safety Wear Classified Stakes.
Carol Williams turned down five other offers in order to stick with her Southwell winner Cryfield in the Mirror Of Portugal Diamond Stakes, and her faith was rewarded when the four-year-old got home by half a length from Butrinto, writes Graham Dench.
A week later she found only Butrinto too good for her at Brighton and she finally went one better when winning a 20-runner contest comfortably at Salisbury.
Central to Pengamon's case is his good last-time-out win in a seven-furlong classified stakes on this track, where he beat previous winner Stand By (third) and Butrinto (fourth) decisively enough to suggest strongly that he is the pick of the handicap if running to that level of form again.
Butrinto stayed on well without reward in that race, but his trainer Brett Johnson gained consolation when Beckon came with a well-timed run under Laura Sheen to win the amateurs' race.
Course specialist Butrinto can land his third race of the season at Brighton in the first division (4.