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Butte

(byo͞ot), city (1990 pop. 33,336), seat of Silver Bow co., SW Mont.; inc. 1879. It is a trade, ranching, and industrial center. Mining dominated the city's life and economy from its establishment in 1862. Copper, as well as zinc, silver, manganese, gold, lead, molybdenum, and arsenic have been extracted from mines in the region; copper is still mined.

First an 1860s gold-hunters' camp, then an 1870s silver center, Butte gained importance when copper was discovered (c.1880) and Marcus DalyDaly, Marcus,
1841–1900, American copper magnate, b. Ireland. He went to New York City at 15 and later moved to California, where he worked as a miner. He was employed by the "silver kings," J. G. Fair and J. W. Mackay, at the Comstock Lode.
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 with his Anaconda Copper Mining Company began to exploit the "richest hill on earth." A huge open-pit mine, the Berkeley, opened in 1955; its expansion forced the relocation of one fifth of Butte's population.

"The Pit" was abandoned in 1982 and has filled with contaminated water draining from surrounding mines. The city, now the largest Superfund site in the nation, has become, in effect, a laboratory for environmental resuscitation efforts, and a number of pollution-remediation companies are based there. Montana Tech of the Univ. of the Montana is also in the city, and Butte is the headquarters of Deerlodge National Forest. Local attractions include museums of mining and minerals, Our Lady of the Rockies, and the Copper King Mansion, once the home of William A. ClarkClark, William Andrews,
1839–1925, U.S. Senator and copper magnate, b. Fayette co., Pa. He moved to Montana, where he amassed a large fortune from the development of copper mines.
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.


butte,

an isolated hill with steep sides and a flat top, resulting from the more rapid erosion of the surrounding areas. Buttes are characteristic of the plains of the W United States. See mesamesa
[Span.,=table], name given in the SW United States to a small, isolated tableland or a flat-topped hill. Two or more of the sides are steep and usually perpendicular and some have all four sides practically perpendicular.
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butte

[byüt]
(geography)
A detached hill or ridge which rises abruptly.
References in periodicals archive ?
As corporate social responsibility gains momentum, Phoenix Marriott Tempe at The Buttes is inviting area corporate neighbors such as Aetna, Intel, General Electric, State Farm and Wells Fargo are being invited to align their charitable and community missions.
McChesney is scaling back to the 5K at this year's Butte to Butte, one little compromise with the hands of time.
The second most visible butte in the city, Belle Butte is located along a freeway curve and in full view of two major resorts.
Binoculars will give you a closer look at the thousands of white snow geese that migrate in the fall to wetlands at the base of the buttes.
When it was dedicated on October 19, 1916, Elephant Butte was the largest irrigation dam in the United States and the second largest in the world.
For more information about Phoenix Marriott Tempe at The Buttes in Tempe, Arizona, please visit: http://www.
We have a cash prize for King and Queen of the Downhill, too," says Wyckoff, who himself has never run the Butte to Butte in eight years, because he is too busy, well, running the event.
It also takes in the poppy reserve and the Fairmont and Antelope buttes.
Twin Buttes is located adjacent to the existing Colorado Green Wind Power Project, which comprises 108 turbines generating 162 MW.
but only one city in the world has a `Skinner Butte.
Tuesday, apparently heading toward Piute Butte above the Antelope Valley Indian Museum about two miles away.
energy business, today announced it will begin construction this fall on the 75-megawatt (MW) Twin Buttes Wind Power Project near Lamar in southeastern Colorado.