Butyrivibrio

Butyrivibrio

[¦byüd·ə·rə′vī·brē‚ō]
(microbiology)
A genus of gram-negative, strictly anaerobic bacteria of uncertain affiliation; motile curved rods occur singly, in chains, or in filaments; ferment glucose to produce butyrate.
References in periodicals archive ?
Several studies have shown that some ruminal bacteria are very sensitive to tannins (MIN et al., 2005), and adding tannins to the diet consistently decrease the growth and protease activity of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens, Streptococcus bovis and Butyrivibrio proteoclastius isolated from the rumen (VASTA et al., 2010).
EOM 0.2 treatment increased fold change of ciliate protozoa (p<0.001), Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens (treatment, linear, and quadratic effect: p<0.001, 0.002, and 0.007, respectively), fungi (treatment and linear effect: p = 0.001 and <0.001, respectively), and Ruminococcus flavefaciens (treatment, linear, and quadratic effect: p<0.001, <0.0001, and, 0.002, respectively).
Lachnobacterium, Paenibacillus, 3 genera incertae sedis, Pyramidobacter, Butyrivibrio, Armatimonadetes-gp2, Brachymonas, Desulfobulbus, Mannheimia, Parasporobacterium, Anaerovibrio, Schwartzia, and SR1 genus incertae sedis could only be found in sample C2, and Asaccharobacter, Mucispirillum, Acholeplasma, Planococcaceae-incertae-sedis, Atopostipes, Sporacetigenium and Megamonas could be identified in sample C3.
Moreover, biohydration of linoleic acid by bacteria (anaerobic bacteria such as Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens) in the gut of animals and the action of [DELTA]9 desaturation of 18:1 trans-11 in animal tissue can generate conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) [34].
Foster, "The family Lachnospiraceae, including the Genera Butyrivibrio, Lachnospira and Roseburia," in The Prokaryotes, M.
bovis JB1, Bacteroides ruminicola 23 and B14, and Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens 49 and A38 were greatly reduced in glucose-grown cultures (Cotta, 1988).
The strains ofgenera Clostridium have been extensively used and studied microorganisms due to their high productivities and relatively higher stability followed by Butyrivibrio and Butyribacterium.
El espectro antimicrobiano de los ionoforos puede deducirse del hecho que bacterias productoras de [H.sub.2] y formato (Lachnospira multiparus, Ruminococcus albus y Ruminococcus flavefaciens), de butirato (Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens, Eubacterium cellulosolvens y Eubacterium rumininantium), de lactato (Lactobacillus ruminis, Lactobacillus vitulinus y Streptococcus bovis) y de amoniaco (Clostridium aminophilum, Clostridium sticklandii y Peptostreptococcus anaerobius) son susceptibles a los ionoforos, mientras que bacterias productoras de succinato y propionato (Anaerovibrio lipolytica, Fibrobacter succinogenes, Megasphaera elsdenii, Prevotella ruminicola, Selenomonas ruminantium, Succinimonas amylolytica y Succinivibrio dextrinosolvens) son resistentes (62).