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(box), a genus of evergreen shrubs or trees of the family Buxaceae. The leaves are opposite, entire, and smooth-edged. The small, unisexual flowers have one or several bracts and a four- to six-leaved perianth. They are gathered into a capitate-spicate inflorescence, usually having a solitary pistillate flower surrounded by numerous staminate flowers. The fruit is a trilocular capsule, which, upon ripening, breaks open and scatters its black, shiny seeds.

There are more than 40 species (according to other data, as many as 70), distributed in Southeast and East Asia, in the Mediterranean region (including the Caucasus), along the Atlantic coast of Europe, in the West Indies, on Socotra, on Madagascar, and in Africa.

Two species grow amid the underbrush in the middle and lower mountain zones of the USSR. B. colchica is found in the Western Caucasus, and B. hyrcana grows in the Talysh Mountains. Four species have been introduced into the USSR: B. sempervirens, B. microphylla, B. harlandii, and B. balearica. B. sempervirens, which is native to the Mediterranean region, is a densely leaved shrub or tree measuring 6–10 m tall and having shiny, leathery leaves. It is used as a border plant or as a hedge. B. microphylla and B. harlandii, both of which are East Asian species, are cultivated in the Crimea and the Caucasus, as is B. balearica, which is native to the Balearic Islands.

The plants yield a wood that is yellow, very dense, strong, and hard. It is used in lathe work as a material for carving and engraving; it is also used in the manufacture of such articles as mouthpieces, pipes, combs, and rulers.


Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.


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3: ramas de Rhamnus alpinus, ramas de Buxus sempervirens (930038, 930046, 930047); --2: ramas de Abies alba, tronco y ramas de Salix caprea (930143, 930144, 930162).
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Hedges in the Washington gardens at Mount Vernon are the dwarf variety of boxwood, which is the Buxus sempervirens variety of suffruticosa.
The two main species of Box, Buxus microphylla, the small-leaved box, and Buxus sempervirens, the common box, have both provided us with a number of excellent forms over the years and it is worth searching out a good one before you start propagating.
The best plants to choose are Taxus baccata (Yew), Buxus sempervirens (Box), Ilex crenata (Japanese Holly) and Pinus species (Pines).
Also on show were that Scottish favourite, flowering heathers, and packs of young Buxus (box) - excellent for low borders along a gravel path.
For structural plants in larger rooftop spaces, try Carpinus betulus (hornbeam), used to great effect on the Great Ormond Street Hospital staff garden, while varieties of palms or Buxus sempervirens (common box) on smaller sites will create a striking architectural effect.
BUXUS Suffruticosa is the best dwarf hedging plant.
The plant slowly creeps, forming a low buxus that buds up in mid-spring with rich, pink pea-like flower buds, that in turn open out into yellow petals, forming a highly colourful display of miniature pea flowers.
British plants such as Drypoteris (fern), Buxus sempervirens (common box), Miscanthus sinensis (ornamental grass) and perennials can be combined with the more traditional Japanese plants like Phyllostachys nigra or P.