Buxus


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Buxus

 

(box), a genus of evergreen shrubs or trees of the family Buxaceae. The leaves are opposite, entire, and smooth-edged. The small, unisexual flowers have one or several bracts and a four- to six-leaved perianth. They are gathered into a capitate-spicate inflorescence, usually having a solitary pistillate flower surrounded by numerous staminate flowers. The fruit is a trilocular capsule, which, upon ripening, breaks open and scatters its black, shiny seeds.

There are more than 40 species (according to other data, as many as 70), distributed in Southeast and East Asia, in the Mediterranean region (including the Caucasus), along the Atlantic coast of Europe, in the West Indies, on Socotra, on Madagascar, and in Africa.

Two species grow amid the underbrush in the middle and lower mountain zones of the USSR. B. colchica is found in the Western Caucasus, and B. hyrcana grows in the Talysh Mountains. Four species have been introduced into the USSR: B. sempervirens, B. microphylla, B. harlandii, and B. balearica. B. sempervirens, which is native to the Mediterranean region, is a densely leaved shrub or tree measuring 6–10 m tall and having shiny, leathery leaves. It is used as a border plant or as a hedge. B. microphylla and B. harlandii, both of which are East Asian species, are cultivated in the Crimea and the Caucasus, as is B. balearica, which is native to the Balearic Islands.

The plants yield a wood that is yellow, very dense, strong, and hard. It is used in lathe work as a material for carving and engraving; it is also used in the manufacture of such articles as mouthpieces, pipes, combs, and rulers.

REFERENCE

Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.

V. N. GLADKOVA

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Fr.--3: ramas de Juniperus communis, ramas de Rhamnus alpinus, ramas de Buxus sempervirens, ramas de pino (930038, 930043, 930046, 930047, 930049, 930052); --2: tronco de Salix caprea (30143).
In diffuse porous wood of Buxus sempervirens (fig 6), vessels are solitary and less distributed in radial clusters of 2-4 cells.
Hedges in the Washington gardens at Mount Vernon are the dwarf variety of boxwood, which is the Buxus sempervirens variety of suffruticosa.
Burglars beware: A firethorn hedge A small garden, with a formal design, clipped boxwood hedging (buxus sempervirens) and common European beech (fagus sylvatica)
Coated: Buxus and yews need brushing off when the white stuff falls
Coated: Buxus need brushing the white stuff uts ng in At times it seemed as if a thaw would never come and I wondered what the garden must look like under that deep covering of snow.
Coated: Buxus need brushing the white stuff At times it seemed as if a thaw would never come and I wondered what the garden must look like under that deep covering of snow.
Before I knew it, it was open and I was working out the postage on a dozen Buxus sempervirens.
The best evergreen plants are dwarf box, buxus sempervirens suffruticosa and santolina or cotton lavender, which has felted silvery grey foliage that's also scented.
Lawns suffer during snowy weather - try to avoid walking on it as that can cause damage At risk: The cold can cause plant cells to freeze and then collapse and die off Coated: Buxus and yews need brushing off when the white stuff falls
| TAKE softwood and semi-ripe cuttings - this is a great way to grow relatively expensive plants, such as Buxus. Take cuttings from tender plants to over-winter indoors.