Buyid

Buyid

(bo͞o`yĭd), Shiite Islamic dynasty of N Persian descent that controlled Iraq and Persia from c.945 to 1060; founded by the sons of Buyeh. In the 930s, Buyeh's sons (Ali, Hasan, and Ahmad) seized such cities as Isfahan, Kerman, Rayy, and Baghdad. With the capture of the AbbasidAbbasid
or Abbaside
, Arab family descended from Abbas, the uncle of Muhammad. The Abbasids held the caliphate from 749 to 1258, but they were recognized neither in Spain nor (after 787) W of Egypt.
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 capital, BaghdadBaghdad
or Bagdad
, city (1987 pop. 3,841,268), capital of Iraq, central Iraq, on both banks of the Tigris River. The city's principal economic activity is oil refining.
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, in 945, the Buyids assumed control of the Abassid Empire. Under their dynasty the Sunni caliphs were reduced to administrative figureheads, while Ahmed ruled under the title of amir al-umara, or chief commander. Buyid control peaked during the reign (949–83) of Adud ad-Dawlah, who increased the dynasty's territorial domain, adding OmanOman
, officially Sultanate of Oman, independent sultanate (2005 est. pop. 3,002,000), c.82,000 sq mi (212,380 sq km), SE Arabian peninsula, on the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea.
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, Tabaristan, and Jorjan. He also made himself sole ruler, eliminating the temporal functions of the caliph. Public buildings, hospitals, and Amir's Dam across the Kur River were built during his rule. Discord among later Buyid leaders led to the eventual decline of their power by 1060; they were replaced by other dynasties, who divided Buyid territory. The Seljuks (see TurksTurks,
term applied in its wider meaning to the Turkic-speaking peoples of Turkey, Russia, Central Asia, Xinjiang in China (Chinese Turkistan), Azerbaijan and the Caucasus, Iran, and Afghanistan.
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), first under Tughril BegTughril Beg
, 990–1063, founder of the Seljuk Turk dynasty ruling (11th–14th cent.) parts of Anatolia, Iraq, Persia, and Syria. He was early successful in conquests with his brother, who eventually governed Khorasan.
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, ruled most of their territory.
References in periodicals archive ?
58) While Ibrahim's paternal side of the family is more obscure, both father and uncle were physicians for Buyid amirs.
But they were generally not without rivals and, after 945, they were little more than pawns, supported in comfort and, sometimes, splendor on condition that they legitimized the Buyid, Seljuq, or Mamluk thugs who actually ran the show.
Al-Sahib Ibn 'Abbad (b326/938, d 385/995), the famous Buyid vizier, vigorously promoted the teaching of Mu'tazili theology throughout Buyid territories, argues that peaceful relations among the various religious communities could only be achieved by a rational theology.
Its economy flourished during the Dailamites and Buyid eras, as trade vessels sailed between it and China, India and Africa.
The Fars Hoard: A Buyid Hoard From Fars Province, Iran", American Numismatic Society Museum Notes (ANSMN), 21: 161-250.
Kraemer, Humanism in the Renaissance of Islam: The Cultural Revival During the Buyid Age, Leiden: Brill Publishers, 1992.
34) Hilal as-Sabi' (925-994), born into a famous Sabian family, was a high ranking official under the Buyid whose history he was asked to write.
Medieval Islam did flirt with individualism, notably under the Buyid dynasty in Persia (934-1055), which permitted religious freedom and a renaissance in literature and art.
The commonly held notion of the Abbasid caliphs being mere puppets from the Buyid period on is disproven in this study by Hanne (Florida Atlantic U.
Among them were the weaknesses that appeared in the central Abbasid government and administration and the appearance of the Buyid rulers.
945 Baghdad is taken by Muizz Ad-Dawlah, a Buyid chief of the Shiite Daylamite people from the area southwest of the Caspian Sea.
He spent most of his life in Baghdad, where from 945 he enjoyed the patronage of the Buyid emirs.