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(byälĭs`tôk), city (1994 est. pop. 274,700), capital of Podlaskie prov., NE Poland. It is a leading regional manufacturing center and a railway transportation point. Noted especially for its linens, the city also has factories producing a variety of manufactured goods. Founded in 1310, Białystok was taken by Prussia in 1795 and by Russia in 1807; it was returned to Poland in 1921. The city was devastated during World War II; about half of the city's population, mainly Jews, were killed by German occupation forces. Białystok has an academy of medicine and a technical college. Historical landmarks include a 16th-century church and an 18th-century palace.



a city in northeastern Poland, located on the Biała River. Administrative center of Białystok Province. Population, 159,000 (1968). Railroad junction.

Białystok is well-known for its textile industry, primarily wool (cloth has been manufactured there since the 1830’s) and cotton (a new combine). Other industries include food processing, woodworking, ceramics, and machine building. There is a medical institute and an engineering night school in Białystok. During the Nazi occupation a considerable part of the population was exterminated. After the occupation forces were driven out, a great deal of work was done to rebuild Białystok.



a city in E Poland: belonged to Prussia (1795--1807) and to Russia (1807--1919). Pop.: 315 000 (2005 est.)