Bykovskii, Mikhail Dorimedontovich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bykovskii, Mikhail Dorimedontovich


Born Oct. 29 (Nov. 10), 1801; died Nov. 9 (21), 1885, in Moscow. Russian architect.

Bykovskii studied under D. I. Giliardi (after 1816). In 1830 he became an academician of the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts. He was the founder and the first chairman of the Moscow Architectural Society (in 1867). He worked in the style of late classicism (the Gorikhvostov almshouse in Moscow, 1839). He created the clearly romantic ensemble at the Marfino country estate near Moscow (1837-38) in the spirit of Gothic architecture. Bykovskii later turned to the forms of Italian Renaissance architecture (the Loris-Melikov house in Moscow and the Vonliarliarskii house in St. Petersburg, both in the 1860’s) or eclectically combined elements of Renaissance architecture with romanesque and ancient Russian forms (St. John Monastery and belfry of the Passion Monastery in Moscow, in the 1850’s and 1860’s).


Khomutetskii, N. F. “M. D. Bykovskii.” In Sbornik nauchnykhtrudov Leningradskogo inzhenerno-stroitel’nogo instituta, issue 21. Leningrad-Moscow, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.