Byloe

Byloe

 

a journal about the history of the revolutionary movement in Russia. V. L. Burtsev published six issues of Byloe in London and Paris between 1900 and 1904. The material published in the journal was devoted to the revolutionary movement from the 1860’s to the 1880’s, especially People’s Will. The creation of an organ for the collection and printing of historical revolutionary information had positive significance. Byloe’s shortcoming was its idealization of the views and tactics of members of the People’s Will.

In January 1906 the monthly journal Byloe began publication in St. Petersburg under the editorship of V. Ia. Bogucharskii, P. E. Shchegolev, and Burtsev. The journal elucidated the history of social movements from the 18th century until the Revolution of 1905-07, with an emphasis on material on the revolutionary movement of the raznochintsy (in the 19th century, Russian intellectuals not of gentle birth). The journal published valuable information on the trials of N. G. Chernyshevskii, M. L. Mikhailov, D. I. Pisarev, and N. A. Serno-Solov’evich; the Populist and People’s Will trials of the 1870’s and 1880’s; and several Populists’ memoirs. The journal was published in a large press run (about 30, 000 copies). It was subjected to repression and closed by the authorities in 1907 with the tenth (22nd) book.

Minuvshie gody (Years Gone By), a journal of history and literature that partially replaced Byloe, began to be published in 1908. The same year, Burtsev renewed the publication of Byloe in Paris. Issues numbered 7-15 were published between 1908 and 1913. The journal renewed publication in July 1917 in Petrograd. The original editors were Shchegolev, Burtsev, V. V. Vodovozov, and E. V. Tarle. Shchegolev was an editor of Byloe after the October Revolution until it ceased publication. Thirty-five issues of the journal were published between 1917 and early 1926. Byloecontinued to devote a good deal of space to subjects linked to the movement of the 1860’s, 1870’s and 1880’s, but a considerable portion of the text dealt with the 20th century.

REFERENCE

“Iz istorii ‘Bylogo’.” Byloe, 1917, no. 1 (23).

SH. M. LEVIN

References in periodicals archive ?
By November 1907, it contained 738 volumes, including the classics of Russian literature; works by Karl Marx, Georgii Plekhanov (1856-1918), and Maxim Gorky (1868-1936); and the radical Vladimir Burtsev (1862-1942)'s emigre journal Byloe. He rejected with astonishment the proposal of a member of the library staff to remove some books for their "worthlessness [negodnost']." (28) One of his goals was to impart to his men a love for reading.
Year Original Notes 1873 'Dolzhnyi-li my zaniat'sia Translation: 'Must We rassmotreniem ideala budushchego Occupy Ourselves with stroia?' Published originally in an Examination of the abridged form in Byloe, no.
Karnovich, Russkie chinovniki v byloe i nastaiashchee vremia (St.
Lavrinovich's excellent review article in Byloe, iv (1907), pp.
(23) Mikhail Ashenbrenner, "Shlisselburgskaia tiur'ma za 20 let, of 1884 po 1904: Vospomnaniia," Byloe, no.
Gertsen, Byloe i dumy, Sobranie sochinenii, 11:331-32.
Its most influential embodiment was Alexander Herzen's Byloe i dumy (My Life and Thoughts), which became the model for several successive generations of Russian diarists and autobiographers.
(8) In February, Tolstoi read old issues of the banned revolutionary periodical Byloe, the first of its kind in Russia devoted to the study of revolutionary movements from the Decembrists to the Socialist Revolutionary Party (SRs) (57: 274).
(54) In March 1906, he wrote a passionate letter to his biographer and assistant, Pavel Biriukov, confirming his refusal to contribute to Byloe, a "journal that extols murder, making it heroic and virtuous," and eulogizes as benefactors of humanity the "Khalturins and contemporary assassins.
I don't know if it will turn out, when I write it, but it will be my Byloe i dumy." For the text of Bulgakov's letter to the Soviet government, see V.