Byssinosis


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byssinosis

[¦bīs·ə′nō·səs]
(medicine)
A pneumoconiosis caused by the inhalation of cotton dust. Also known as brown lung disease.

Byssinosis

 

a pulmonary disease, related to the pneumoconiosis group of conditions which arise from prolonged inspiration of cotton dust. Byssinosis may develop in workers at flax processing plants. It is distinguished from other forms of pneumoconiosis by the presence of bronchitis and emphysema accompanied by very weak development of connective tissues.

References in periodicals archive ?
Gilson (1955) An epidemiological study of byssinosis among Lancashire cotton workers.
Byssinosis and other respiratory symptoms among factory workers in Akaki textile factory, Ethiopia.
Byssinosis was first defined in cotton workers, but in later studies it was also shown in workers who inhaled the dust of hemp, flax, sisal, jute and other fiber plants [8-10].
It is also documented in certain literatures that endotoxin is the principle mediator of byssinosis and occupational lung disorders.
The human health effects of acute exposure to endotoxin include sepsis; clinical symptoms such as fever, shaking chills, and septic shock; and, at lower doses, toxic pneumonitis, lung function decrements, and respiratory symptoms, such as byssinosis ("Monday morning chest tightness") (20,21).
Although these committees were helpful, they did not target the more specific occupational illnesses that are commonly found in garment and electronic establishments such as low back pain, visual strain, spontaneous abortion, byssinosis, and hearing problems.
A good example is byssinosis, where the airflow limitation is variable in the early part of the natural history of the disorder, which may be misdiagnosed as asthma.
Occupationally related diseases: Blue collar (hence less educated) workers who smoke are more vulnerable to occupational diseases, e.g., pneumoconiosis, byssinosis, occupationally related asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema, cancers of the lung, urinary bladder, liver, skin, or stomach and myeloid leukaemia.
Stevens' contempt for the law, the boycotters publicized unhealthy working conditions that led to byssinosis (brown lung disease).
Chronic endotoxin exposure may lead to chronically decreased pulmonary function, byssinosis, and chronic bronchitis.
In Organizing the Breathless, University of South Carolina political scientist Robert Botsch undertakes an institutional case study of the Brown Lung Association (BLA), an organization formed to meet the interest group needs of the victims of byssinosis, or brown lung disease.