Bytom


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Bytom

(bĭ`tôm), Ger. Beuthen, city (1994 est. pop. 232,400), Śląskie prov., SW Poland, in the Katowice mining region. An important heavy industrial center, it has iron- and steelworks and the largest silver foundry in Poland. A Polish king built a fortress on the site in the 11th cent., and by the 12th cent. the lead and zinc mines of the region were being exploited. The city was chartered in 1254, and in the late 13th cent. served briefly as the capital of an independent principality that passed under the rule of Bohemia. The Hapsburgs held the city from 1526 until 1742, when it passed to Prussia. In a plebiscite after World War I a majority of the population voted to join Poland, but Germany held onto the city. It was finally incorporated into Poland in 1945. Bytom has an opera house and museum.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bytom

 

a city in southern Poland, located in Katowice Województwo. Population, 191,000 (1967). Mining center in the Upper Silesian coal basin. There are large coal mines (up to 15 million tons per year); lead and zinc ores have been extracted since the 12th century. Bytom engages in the production of coke; ferrous metallurgy (a concern in Bobrek); heavy-duty machine-building; and the chemical, garment, and furniture industries. The city has an opera.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Bytom

an industrial city in SW Poland, in Upper Silesia: under Prussian and German rule from 1742 to 1945. Pop.: 205 560 (1999 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
EC Zabrze, employing 268, had sales of EUR20m in 2009, when ZEC Bytom, with 245 employees, reported revenues of EUR19m, the buyer said.
A Bytom spokesman con-firmed Albion had been among the visiting clubs recently, with PSV Eindhoven also keeping tabs on Bytom's players.
In 2009 CEZ launched a preliminary offer for Zabrze and Bytom plants and was allowed to carry out due diligence procedures.