Cáceres, Andrés Avelino

Cáceres, Andrés Avelino

(ändrās` ävālē`nō kä`sārās), 1836?–1923, president of Peru (1886–90, 1894). He was a commander in the war with Chile (see Pacific, War of thePacific, War of the,
1879–84, war between Chile and the allied nations, Peru and Bolivia; also called the Chile–Peruvian War. The trouble began when President Hilarión Daza of Bolivia rescinded (Feb.
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) and continued to wage guerrilla warfare long after Peru had been conquered. Bitterly opposed to the peace made by the government of Miguel IglesiasIglesias, Miguel
, 1822–1901, president of Peru (1881–85). A general, he fought in the war with Chile (see Pacific, War of the), distinguishing himself in the defense (1881) of Lima.
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, Cáceres attempted to seize control in 1884, but failed. Gathering more troops, he entered Lima in 1885 and forced Iglesias to hold an election. Cáceres was chosen president. In 1894 his party forced congress to elect him president, but Nicolás de PiérolaPiérola, Nicolás de
, 1839–1913, president of Peru (1879–81, 1895–99). Minister of finance under José Balta, he was accused of misappropriating funds and was exiled.
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 soon overthrew the new government. Cáceres later held important diplomatic posts.
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