Compact Car

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Compact Car

 

(in Russian, malolitrazhnyi avtomobil) the conventional designation for passenger cars with an engine displacement of 0.85-1.5 liters and a weight of 700-1,000 kg. Compact cars are designed for personal and official use (medical and postal service).

Modern compact cars usually have forward, longitudinal placement of the engine, with rear-wheel drive, although there are also arrangements with forward transverse or rear engine placement (in which the engine is combined with the transmission and rear-axle drive), with front-wheel or rear-wheel drive, respectively. Compact cars are usually equipped with four-cylinder, four-cycle water-cooled gasoline engines (rear-mounted engines are often air-cooled) with a power of 44-59 kilowatts (kW), or 60-80 hp. The frame-supported body seats four to five; maximum speed is 140-150 km/hr; acceleration from 0 to 100 km/hr (manual transmission) on a straight, level road with an improved surface (with the driver and one passenger) is about 20 sec. Average fuel consumption is 7-9 liters per 100 km.

In the USSR, compact cars are produced by the Lenin Komsomol Moscow Automotive Plant and the Izhevsk Machine-building Plant (Moskvich-412) and by the Volga and Zaporozh’e automotive plants (the Zhiguli VAZ-2101 [foreign trade name,. Lada] and Zaporozhets ZAZ-968). Abroad, compact cars are manufactured in great numbers in Japan and in the European countries.

References in periodicals archive ?
When the first-gen Tiida was launched regionally in 2005, there were only four hatchback models competing in the C-segment and together contributed volumes of 1,500 units a year.
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The latest entrant will bridge the gap in the Lancer's range in the C-segment in Oman.
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Furthermore, both the first and second (current) generations of Kia's cee'd C-segment vehicle for the European market have earned DfE: Design for Environment (ISO 14062) certifications, giving Kia certifications in all of major environment-related certifications from TUV Nord.
The new Honda Civic retains the largest cabin space within the C-segment by utilising the compact torsion beam rear suspension from the current Civic.
40 percent of cars sold in Turkish market are C-segment cars, Altmisdort said, adding that these two models would carry a price tag between 30,000 and 35,000 Turkish lira.
It was followed closely by the A6 in the sedan category of the C-segment of the market.
The Mito Cloverleaf comes with a dynamic suspension that is usually a costly option on C-segment cars like the Focus and Golf.
To date in 2009, Kia's best selling model in overseas markets has been the C-segment Cerato (known as 'Spectra' or 'Forte' in somemarkets) with 237,402 units sold.
Citroen UK has given the go-ahead to the showroom configuration system to back up the upmarket supermini, which will ultimately be joined by the DS4, a C-segment contender, and the dieselelectric DS5 hybrid which will offer a combination of 200bhp with more than 60mpg and 120g/km emissions in 2011.
The ix35 joins the C-segment to replace the very successful Tucson, and will receive its world premiere at the show on September 15.