Compact Car

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Compact Car


(in Russian, malolitrazhnyi avtomobil) the conventional designation for passenger cars with an engine displacement of 0.85-1.5 liters and a weight of 700-1,000 kg. Compact cars are designed for personal and official use (medical and postal service).

Modern compact cars usually have forward, longitudinal placement of the engine, with rear-wheel drive, although there are also arrangements with forward transverse or rear engine placement (in which the engine is combined with the transmission and rear-axle drive), with front-wheel or rear-wheel drive, respectively. Compact cars are usually equipped with four-cylinder, four-cycle water-cooled gasoline engines (rear-mounted engines are often air-cooled) with a power of 44-59 kilowatts (kW), or 60-80 hp. The frame-supported body seats four to five; maximum speed is 140-150 km/hr; acceleration from 0 to 100 km/hr (manual transmission) on a straight, level road with an improved surface (with the driver and one passenger) is about 20 sec. Average fuel consumption is 7-9 liters per 100 km.

In the USSR, compact cars are produced by the Lenin Komsomol Moscow Automotive Plant and the Izhevsk Machine-building Plant (Moskvich-412) and by the Volga and Zaporozh’e automotive plants (the Zhiguli VAZ-2101 [foreign trade name,. Lada] and Zaporozhets ZAZ-968). Abroad, compact cars are manufactured in great numbers in Japan and in the European countries.

References in periodicals archive ?
Currently, there are 12 models competing in the C-segment for hatchbacks.
The latest entrant will bridge the gap in the Lancer's range in the C-segment in Oman.
2 diesel with 185ps is still the highest power C-segment diesel model of any brand available in the UK market place.
Furthermore, both the first and second (current) generations of Kia's cee'd C-segment vehicle for the European market have earned DfE: Design for Environment (ISO 14062) certifications, giving Kia certifications in all of major environment-related certifications from TUV Nord.
The new Honda Civic retains the largest cabin space within the C-segment by utilising the compact torsion beam rear suspension from the current Civic.
40 percent of cars sold in Turkish market are C-segment cars, Altmisdort said, adding that these two models would carry a price tag between 30,000 and 35,000 Turkish lira.
Citroen UK has given the go-ahead to the showroom configuration system to back up the upmarket supermini, which will ultimately be joined by the DS4, a C-segment contender, and the dieselelectric DS5 hybrid which will offer a combination of 200bhp with more than 60mpg and 120g/km emissions in 2011.
The ix35 joins the C-segment to replace the very successful Tucson, and will receive its world premiere at the show on September 15.
So far in 2009, Kia's best selling model in overseas markets has been the C-segment Cerato (known as 'Spectra' or 'Forte' in some markets) with 65,727 units sold.
Ricardo said the new VAZ-21176 VVT engine programme will involve the rigorous evaluation of the existing equivalent product by Ricardo, prior to the start of a full design and development programme intended to deliver a new power unit calibrated toEuro5emissions levels in a C-segment AVTOVAZ vehicle.
KiaAAEs best selling model in overseas markets in January was the C-segment Cerato (known as AaeSpectraAAE in some markets) with 15,898 units sold.
So far in 2008, Kia's best selling model in export markets has been the C-segment Cerato (known as 'Spectra' in some markets) with 49,274 units sold.