Compact Car

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Compact Car


(in Russian, malolitrazhnyi avtomobil) the conventional designation for passenger cars with an engine displacement of 0.85-1.5 liters and a weight of 700-1,000 kg. Compact cars are designed for personal and official use (medical and postal service).

Modern compact cars usually have forward, longitudinal placement of the engine, with rear-wheel drive, although there are also arrangements with forward transverse or rear engine placement (in which the engine is combined with the transmission and rear-axle drive), with front-wheel or rear-wheel drive, respectively. Compact cars are usually equipped with four-cylinder, four-cycle water-cooled gasoline engines (rear-mounted engines are often air-cooled) with a power of 44-59 kilowatts (kW), or 60-80 hp. The frame-supported body seats four to five; maximum speed is 140-150 km/hr; acceleration from 0 to 100 km/hr (manual transmission) on a straight, level road with an improved surface (with the driver and one passenger) is about 20 sec. Average fuel consumption is 7-9 liters per 100 km.

In the USSR, compact cars are produced by the Lenin Komsomol Moscow Automotive Plant and the Izhevsk Machine-building Plant (Moskvich-412) and by the Volga and Zaporozh’e automotive plants (the Zhiguli VAZ-2101 [foreign trade name,. Lada] and Zaporozhets ZAZ-968). Abroad, compact cars are manufactured in great numbers in Japan and in the European countries.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, it costs over one lac lesser than both the Yaris and the City, and that is a big reason why the Hyundai Verna is the best top-trim C-segment sedan to consider, based simply on an on-paper comparison.
We will then grow and expand our brand offering in a bid to keep them there and satisfy their C-segment needs.
When the first-gen Tiida was launched regionally in 2005, there were only four hatchback models competing in the C-segment and together contributed volumes of 1,500 units a year.
What's more, despite being 20 cm shorter than a C-segment Station Wagon, the Fiat 500L MPW ensures exceptional values in terms of comfort, space and load capacity, as demonstrated by a volume of 638 litres.
Because of capacity limitations at Sunderland, securing the new Infiniti will mean that a C-segment hatchback previously announced for the plant in April will be manufactured elsewhere, said the company.
"We anticipate that the upgraded Mazda3 will enable us to increase sales of our C-segment contender during 2012," said Andrew Gardner, sales manager, Victoria Park Mazda.
And this tech is economical within the bounds of the price point of B-and C-segment vehicles according to the supplier.
Kia's recently introduced models to the European market, all-new cee'd C-segment hatchback, Optima hybrid D-segment sedan and the refreshed Sorento CUV, have been certified according to the ISO 14040 Life Cycle Assessment (LCA).
The recruitment day, to be held at the Washington plant on Saturday, is seeking staff for the production of the electric Nissan LEAF, the next generation Nissan Qashqai, a new B-segment car and a new C-segment hatchback.
Jacques Fryer, general manager of Pupkewitz Honda, said the new car will be offered exclusively as a five-door hatchback that will compete in the C-segment.
Gokhan Altmisdort, sales manager of Mermerler Otomotiv, said that Chery, top Chinese automaker, would exhibit Niche and Chance models, two C-segment cars during Istanbul Autoshow to start on October 29.
23 August 2010 - Norwegian company Kongsberg Automotive Holding ASA (OSL: KOA) said today that it has won an order, worth some EUR38m over five years, related to the C-segment automatic and manual transmission shifter programme of US motor vehicles maker Chrysler Group LLC.