C.I.A.M.

C.I.A.M.

(Congrès internationaux d'architecture moderne). Founded in 1928 by Hélène de Mandrot, Sigfried GiedionGiedion, Sigfried
, 1883–1968, Swiss historian of architecture. Giedion was a student of Heinrich Wölfflin and close associate of Walter Gropius. He was a key figure of the International Congress of Modern Architecture (see CIAM) from its inception (1928), and taught
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, and Le CorbusierLe Corbusier
, pseud. of Charles Édouard Jeanneret
, 1887–1965, French architect, b. La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. Often known simply as "Corbu," he was one of the most influential architects of the 20th cent.
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, C.I.A.M. sought to divert architecture from academic preoccupations. The organization was the major instrument for propagating avant-garde ideas in architecture and town planning during the periods from 1930 to 1934 and from 1950 to 1955. The early congresses stressed rigid functional zoning and a single type of urban housing; at subsequent meetings members reacted against inflexible and mechanical concepts of orderly planning. Internal conflict led to the group's eventual collapse after the Dubrovnik congress of 1956.
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References in periodicals archive ?
(74) In a letter to Sigfried Giedion he declared that "the time is ripe for the formation of a Canadian branch of the C.I.A.M." (75) He believed that ARGO should form the core of this new chapter.
He stressed this point to Giedion ahead of a meeting in 1945, suggesting further that they hold a special session on the "proper exploitation of visual aids to the dissemination of C.I.A.M. findings," where Grierson would be invited to speak, and record the proceedings of the meeting to provide source material for future Film Board productions.
Les projets de Greber se situent davantage dans la perspective des theories d'Ebenezer Howard et de Camillo Sitte que dans celles du "mouvement international" qui sera en quelque sorte codifie par les C.I.A.M. a partir du congres de Francfort en 1930 par l'adoption de normes de logement minimales dans plusieurs pays europeens [23].
Sur le congres des C.I.A.M. de 1930, voir Die Wohnung fur das Existenzminimum, Internationale Kongresse fur neues Bauen und Stadt.
This "Town Planning Chart" was developed at the Fourth C.I.A.M. Congress, Athens, 1933.