computer-aided design

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computer-aided design

(CAD) or

computer-aided design and drafting

(CADD), form of automationautomation,
automatic operation and control of machinery or processes by devices, such as robots that can make and execute decisions without human intervention. The principal feature of such devices is their use of self-correcting control systems that employ feedback, i.e.
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 that helps designers prepare drawings, specifications, parts lists, and other design-related elements using special graphics- and calculations-intensive computer programs. The technology is used for a wide variety of products in such fields as architecture, electronics, and aerospace, naval, and automotive engineering. Although CAD systems originally merely automated drafting, they now usually include three-dimensional modeling and computer-simulated operation of the model. Rather than having to build prototypes and change components to determine the effects of tolerance ranges, engineers can use computers to simulate operation to determine loads and stresses. For example, an automobile manufacturer might use CAD to calculate the wind drag on several new car-body designs without having to build physical models of each one. In microelectronicsmicroelectronics,
branch of electronic technology devoted to the design and development of extremely small electronic devices that consume very little electric power. Although the term is sometimes used to describe discrete electronic components assembled in an extremely small
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, as devices have become smaller and more complex, CAD has become an especially important technology. Among the benefits of such systems are lower product-development costs and a greatly shortened design cycle. While less expensive CAD systems running on personal computers have become available for do-it-yourself home remodeling and simple drafting, state-of-the-art CAD systems running on workstations and mainframe computers are increasingly integrated with computer-aided manufacturingcomputer-aided manufacturing
(CAM), a form of automation where computers communicate work instructions directly to the manufacturing machinery. The technology evolved from the numerically controlled machines of the 1950s, which were directed by a set of coded instructions
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 systems.

Computer-aided design

The analysis and/or design, modeling, simulation, or layout of building design with the aid of a computer.

computer-aided design

[kəm′pyüd·ər ‚ād·əd də′zīn]
(control systems)
The use of computers in converting the initial idea for a product into a detailed engineering design. Computer models and graphics replace the sketches and engineering drawings traditionally used to visualize products and communicate design information. Abbreviated CAD.

computer-aided design (CAD)

The analysis and/or design, and/or modeling, and/or simulation, and/or layout of building design with the aid of a computer.
References in periodicals archive ?
The global CAD Software Market has been analyzed in detail on a global as well as a regional level.
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Jonathan Ward describes himself as a "boutique contractor." "I do small-scale remodeling, and everything from repairs to custom architectural detailing." As such, he didn't have much use for a lot of the CAD software he saw on the market.