Calais

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Calais

(kälā`), city (1990 pop. 78,836), Pas-de-Calais dept., N France, in Picardy, on the Straits of Dover. An industrial center with a great variety of manufactures, it has been a major commercial seaport and a communications center with England since the Middle Ages. A major cross-channel ferry and hovercraft port, it is near the site of the Channel TunnelChannel Tunnel,
popularly called the "Chunnel," a three-tunnel railroad connection running under the English Channel, connecting Folkestone, England, and Calais, France. The tunnels are 31 mi (50 km) long. There are two rail tunnels, each 25 ft (7.
..... Click the link for more information.
 linking France with England. It was fortified (13th cent.) by the counts of Boulogne. In 1347, after a siege of 11 months, Calais fell to Edward III of England. A bronze monument by Rodin commemorates the famous episode of the six burghers who offered their lives to save the town; they were spared when Edward's queen, Philippa, interceded. The city remained in English hands until it was recovered (1558) by the French under François de Lorraine, the duke of Guise. It was the scene of much fighting (1940, 1944) in World War II. A Gothic church survived.

Calais

 

a city and port in northern France, on the Strait of Dover. Administrative center of the department of Pas-de-Calais. Population, 75, 000 (1968).

Calais is a transportation center of international importance, through which passes maritime passenger traffic to Dover in Great Britain. It is also a fishing and commercial center. There are metallurgical, ship-repair, electrotechnical, and chemical enterprises in the city. Calais also produces its traditional lace, tulle, and embroidery.

The city grew out of a fishing village in the late ninth and the tenth century. In the 13th century it was fortified by the Count of Boulogne. From the 13th century it played a significant role in the trade between France and England. In 1347, during the Hundred Years’ War, Calais was captured by the English after a lengthy siege; it remained a stronghold of the English in their later struggle against France. In 1558, Calais was captured by the Duke of Guise and reunited with France. The Cateau-Cam-bresis Peace of 1559 confirmed Calais as French.

Calais

a port in N France, on the Strait of Dover: the nearest French port to England; belonged to England 1347--1558. Pop.: 77 333 (1999)
References in periodicals archive ?
El desarrollo aldeano del FTA en estos oasis (Calar, Tulor y Coyo-Aldea), dada su relacion cronologica, habrian derivado de la fase anterior Tilocalar, de acuerdo a ciertos indicadores, aun en estudio, y que tienen que ver con la transferencia de tradiciones previas como la alfarera: tiestos delgados monocromos pulidos y brunidos, grises-negroscafe gruesos pulidos y alisados, revestidos, craquelados, con desgrasantes gruesos.
Based on observations collected at the Centro Astronoamico Hispano-Alemaan (CAHA) at Calar Alto, operated jointly by the Max-Planck Institut fur Astronomie and the Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (CSIC) Fernando Fabian Rosales-Ortega acknowledges the Mexican National Council for Science and Technology (CONACYT) for financial support under the Programme Estancias Posdoctorales y Sabaaticas al Extranjero para la Consolidacioan de Grupos de Investigacioan, 2010-2012.
3.5-m Telescope 3.5 m f/3.5, 3.9, 10, 45 Ritchey-Chretien Horseshoe yoke Calar Alto, Spain 37[degrees] 13' N 2[degrees] 33' W 2,168 m The 3.5-m reflector at Calar Alto Observatory is operated by the German-Spanish Astronomical Center.
Carolyn and I rushed over to hear Hal finish reporting a stunning piece of news: observers using the 3.5-meter telescope at Calar Alto Observatory in Spain had detected a hot plume rising above the limb of Jupiter just after the A impact.
No solo eso: trato de calar rostros cotidianos tras sus pomulos y las cuencas de sus ojos; indago que serian capaces de hacer si, en vez de esquivar transeuntes y autos, tuvieran que atender a su instinto de supervivencia y perdieran la poca empatia que experimentan por quienes los rodean.
La cuestion es: ?Estaba Elba Esther Gordillo en posicion de "calar" a Pena Nieto?
Al leer a la par La forma de un bolsillo y Objetos sobre una mesa, no es necesario calar muy hondo para comprender que los tipos de escritura que Berger y Davenport practican pueden despertar serios reparos en el medio academico.
The domes of Calar Alto, rose-colored in the twilight, will soon fade into the night.
Servir al pueblo, artisticamente, significa calar en lo emergente, en lo aun inedito, y expresado con certeza, de manera tal que, en vez de oscurecer, desviar, deformar o tergiversar determinadas esencias, la cosa creada revela las esencias principales, y sirve a los individuos para adquirir conciencia de ellas.
Pero eso no impide que busquen, dicho coloquialmente, calar al presidente Pena.
Puesto que a Posada se le consideraba a mediados del siglo XX ordinariamente como un artista primigenio, producto del alma del pueblo y hombre de ferreas convicciones revolucionarias (tal como lo retrato idealmente el grabador Leopoldo Mendez), no se le presto gran atencion a la aportacion de Westheim, quien, cuidadosamente, al no calar mas en la tradicion grafica colonial, dijo lo que tenia que decir sin herir susceptibilidades.