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consciously artificial, exaggerated, vulgar, or mannered; self-parodying, esp when in dubious taste
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a place for the stationing of troops outside inhabited communities (usually in a sparse forest or grove), which is specially equipped depending on the mission to be performed.

Camps have been known since ancient times. A distinction was made between campaign and permanent camps. The latter were protected by a moat and a wall and were reinforced with palisades or stones and several rows of carts; some camps were surrounded by a thick wall with a moat flanked by towers. In combat, fortified camps served as combat positions for the army and places for storing food and ammunition. The art of setting up camps reached a high point of development in ancient Rome. Later other peoples began applying the Roman art of setting up camps.

In Russia rules of setting up and fortifying army camps were expounded for the first time between 1607 and 1621 in the Regulations on Army, Gunnery, and Other Affairs. Training camps appeared in Russia in the 17th century. Peter I was the first to decree that troops should spend some time in training camps. In the 17th and 18th centuries, when linear tactics predominated, troops were deployed in a camp in a linear combat order. Until the middle of the 19th century the choosing of a site and the setting up of camps was a separate branch of the art of warfare, called castrametation. In the second half of the 19th century the development of artillery and other means of destruction made it necessary to disperse the troops in combat, and camps lost their importance as fortified stations of troops.

The Soviet armed forces and armies of other states have training camps and training centers, which have a role to play in the combat training of troops under field conditions. For the training of troops camps are equipped with training fields, target ranges, firing grounds, and other facilities. When troops are stationed in camps and training centers, the special features of the routine garrison duty are determined by the corresponding regulations.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The joke-work continues when Henry asks Miss Van Campen,"'...did you ever know a man who tried to disable himself by kicking himself in the scrotum?'" (144).
The Campen airlaid system is modular built, which means that it is sold as individual machines as well as a complete turn key system.
Campen Machinery is the specialist for webforming from pulp fibers, or other fibers, via fiber dosing hammermill and airlaid technology, compacting/embossing or calandering units, as well as the winding technology of airlaid or spunlace/airlaid products.
Although biphasic heart rate and thermoregulatory effectshave been demonstrated in cardiopulmonarycompromised rats exposed to residual oil fly ash (Campen et al.
Campen was first contacted by its North American customer in December 2013 and received an order from them in March 2014.
Because the majority of the animal CAPs inhalation studies conducted by others in the past involved relatively few days of exposure (Campen et al.
Jens Erik Thordahl, senior airlaid specialist at Campen, says he has a solution for tight capacity in the airlaid market.
Particulate matter is a complex mixture containing many different components including metallic compounds such as iron, zinc, copper, vanadium, and nickel, which are potent inducers of physiologic effects in animals and humans (Campen et al.
Van Campen LE, Murphy WJ, Franks JR, Mathias PI, Toraason MA.
The inflammatory responses to the IT dose of ROFA used in this study have been well characterized in healthy and compromised animal models and have been compared with INH of comparable doses of the metal sulfates themselves (Campen et al.
Previous studies have reported that Zn and V can produce physiological changes in cardiac myocytes (Campen et al.