caries

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Related to CARIE: CARID, Tartaro

caries

progressive decay of a bone or a tooth

Caries

 

a pathological process involving the gradual destruction of bony tissue or teeth.

Caries of bony tissue is caused by degeneration or infection of bone or periosteum that results in necrosis of portions of bone followed by absorption or disengagement of the dead tissues and formation of a bone ulcer. Caries may also be accompanied by specific inflammatory processes (for example, tuberculosis or syphilis). The mechanism of development and clinical symptoms of caries vary with the cause, location of the focus, and so forth. In acute inflammations (for example, osteomyelitis), when a focus of suppuration arises in bone and sometimes spreads to the surrounding tissues, caries is manifested by systemic intoxication, and bone destruction progresses rapidly. In chronic and especially specific processes, caries develops slowly without severely pronounced symptoms. Treatment consists in medication (antibiotics, sulfanilamides) and specific treatment (anti-syphilitic, antituberculotic). Surgery is frequently effective.

caries

[′kar·ēz]
(medicine)
Bone decay.
Tooth decay. Also known as dental caries.
References in periodicals archive ?
Prevalence of early childhood caries and associated risk factors in preschool children of urban Bangalore, India: a cross-sectional study.
Risk indicators for tooth loss due to caries and periodontal disease in recipients of free dental treatment in an adult population in Bangladesh.
Dental caries prevalence in relation to socioeconomic status of nursery school children in Goiania-GO, Brazil.
Multilevel analysis was used to investigate whether the prevalence of untreated caries was associated with the sociodemographic characteristics of the children examined or with the socioeconomic aspects of the participating cities.
Worst situations of life, among them, high density, low rate of household sanitation, high illiteracy rate, a high proportion of low-income and lower life expectancy were found in the capital cities with highest rates of caries and tooth loss and lower rates of caries-free youth.
Certains alimentspresentent des facteurs cariogenes comme le sucre dont le role dans la formation des caries est largement reconnu.
To describe the prevalence of untreated caries among adolescents in Brazil and to analyze the association between caries and individual and contextual factors in the municipalities where these adolescents live.