(redirected from causes)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms.


a. a ground for legal action; matter giving rise to a lawsuit
b. the lawsuit itself
2. (in the philosophy of Aristotle) any of four requirements for a thing's coming to be, namely material (material cause), its nature (formal cause), an agent (efficient cause), and a purpose (final cause)


any immediate, or more indirect, factor precipitating an outcome. See also CAUSALITY AND CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP.



a phenomenon that directly determines or gives rise to another phenomenon, the effect. In the real world all phenomena and processes are in a state of universal connection and interaction. The concept of “cause” presupposes the singling out of a particular group of phenomena or a system, within the framework of which a causal relation is established between particular phenomena and processes.

Every phenomenon is grounded in several others and is determined by them, its causes. In the process of cognition the researcher inevitably goes beyond the mere description of facts and turns to an investigation of the laws of their origin, development, and functioning, seeking the causes that determine the corresponding properties of a particular object. The movement of thought from description to causal explanation is the movement of cognition from outer to inner, from phenomenon to essence.

As the basis and essence of the effect, the cause functions as the originating and determining element in the relationship between phenomena. The interconnection and mutual conditioning of phenomena take an innumerable variety of forms. Accordingly, the types of causes are extremely diverse. In modern science causes are classified by the most varied criteria. Thus, depending on the nature of the causal relations, causes are classified as ideal and material, informational and energetic (energeticheskie), dynamic and statistical, simple and compound, single-factor and multiple-factor, systemic and nonsystemic, external and internal, primary and nonprimary, objective and subjective, and so on.

It is customary to distinguish the cause from the circumstances of its operation. In the social sciences, causes are distinguished from reasons—the processes contributing to the formation and manifestation of causes. Consideration of the diversity of phenomena gives rise to the conception of causality as a fundamental feature of reality.



Actions, omissions, events, conditions, or a combination thereof, which led to the accident or incident investigation (ICAO).
References in periodicals archive ?
Meth can cause memory loss, aggression, violence, psychotic behavior, heart problems, brain damage, stroke, and extreme anorexia.
Our exposition so far has distinguished two phenomena as corresponding to the nucleus contextual causes for the emergence of a scientific tradition: the first is moral dynamism; and the second is intellectual dynamism, both of which can be observed in the early Muslim community.
Milk ranks high on the list of foods that supposedly cause gas.
Officers should not assume that the person who appears intoxicated is simply intoxicated; medical problems may cause certain activities.
The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) sponsors programs aimed at understanding the causes of erectile dysfunction and finding treatments to reverse its effects.
* Proximal neuropathy causes pain in the thighs, hips, or buttocks and leads to weakness in the legs.
You can have flu complications if you get a bacterial infection, which causes pneumonia in your weakened lungs.
AMD is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness in people aged 65 and older.
But the bacteria that cause this form of pneumonia also can attack other parts of the body.
Possible side effects: The vaccine given by mouth can cause paralysis in a very few cases, usually in people who have diseases that lower immunity, like AIDS and cancer.
In boys, it is a major cause of tightening of the foreskin, which requires circumcision.