CERN


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CERN

or

European Organization for Nuclear Research,

nuclear and particle physics research center straddling the French-Swiss border W of Geneva, Switzerland. Established in 1952 as the provisional European Center for Nuclear Research (the acronym CERN derives from this name in French) and founded formally as the Center's successor in 1954, the European Organization for Nuclear Research is an intergovernmental organization whose activities are sponsored by 20 European countries. CERN is the principal European center for research in particle physics. Its large electron-positron storage ring (the LEP collider) was inaugurated in 1989, upgraded in 1996, and closed in 2000. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) became operational in 2009, and in 2010 accelerated protons to nearly 3.5 trillion electron-volts (TeV), producing collisions at 7 TeV, a record. Experimenters subsequently detected the Higgs particle. Improvements intended to allow the LHC to accelerate protons up to 7 TeV were made during a 2013–15 shutdown, and subsequently collisions of 13 TeV, a new record, were produced. In 2018 the LHC was shut down for a round of further improvements. The World Wide WebWorld Wide Web
(WWW or W3), collection of globally distributed text and multimedia documents and files and other network services linked in such a way as to create an immense electronic library from which information can be retrieved quickly by intuitive searches.
..... Click the link for more information.
, a system of internationally distributed, hypertext-linked materials on the Internet, was originally developed at CERN during the 1980s.
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CERN

Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire; an organization of European states with a centre in Geneva for research in high-energy particle physics, now called the European Laboratory for Particle Physics
http://public.web.cern.ch/public
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

CERN

(body)
The European Laboratory for Particle Physics in Swizerland.

Tim Berners-Lee invented the World-Wide Web while working at CERN.

Other notable computing developments at CERN include ADAMO, Application Software Installation Server, CERNLIB, cfortran.h, CHEOPS, CICERO, Cortex, EMDIR, HBOOK, LIGHT, NFT, PATCHY, PL-11, Schoonschip, SHIFT, and ZEBRA.

CERN Home.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

CERN

(Conseil Europeen pour la Recherche Nucleaire, European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva, Switzerland, www.cern.ch) The world's largest particle physics laboratory. Founded in 1954, European countries are CERN's Member States with the U.S., Japan, Russia and others having observer status. To enhance collaboration on research documents pertaining to particle physics, the World Wide Web was invented at CERN in the early 1990s. See World Wide Web.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Exporting Pakistani products to CERN gives them the standing of world class products.
Abdulaziz said he was able to publish a paper at the end of his internship, thanks to the "tough love" he received at the hands of his mentor at CERN. "Not everyone published papers at this stage of the internship, especially not during their undergraduate studies.
CERN is looking to cut down on these factors by targeting their research on CubeSats and other feasible technology that could effectively counter harmful solar and space radiation.
Plans for a visit to Sri Lanka by a scientific delegation from CERN later in the year was also discussed.
In subsequent phases of the three-year program, IDT and CERN engineers will build out larger scale computing systems with optimized performance and begin using the low-latency rack scale processing power system to analyze data.
The membership would allow Pakistani scientists to become members of the CERN staff, participate in CERN's training and career-development programmes and CERN Council.
He said associate membership of Pakistan has open a new era of cooperation that will strengthen the long-term partnership between CERN and the Pakistani scientific community.
The Prime Minister said that Pakistan considered it a matter of immense pride to have become an Associate Member of CERN last year especially as it was the first non-European country to have achieved this milestone.
The news was not noticed by many, let alone celebrated, because they had not been aware of CERN, and its activities or the significance of Pakistan's induction.
MAY 7--The US Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation, and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) sign an agreement to collaborate in particle physics research and advanced computing.
GENEVA -- The European Organisation for Nuclear Research, known as CERN announced on Friday that Pakistan has become an Associate Member of CERN.