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Folk beliefs assign St. Nicholas the role of Christmas gift bringer in Czechoslovakia. According to Czechoslovakian folklore, two oddly matched companions aid the good saint in his labors. On December sixth, St. Nicholas's Day, Nicholas descends from heaven on a golden rope accompanied by an angel dressed in white and a demon known as a cert. The cert wears black clothing and carries a whip and chain. He frightens naughty children, reminding them of the punishment in store for them if they don't mend their ways. (See also Black Peter.)

Further Reading

Del Re, Gerard, and Patricia Del Re. The Christmas Almanack. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1979. Foley, Daniel J. Christmas the World Over. Philadelphia, Pa.: Chilton Books, 1963. Stevens, Patricia Bunning. Merry Christmas!: A History of the Holiday. New York: Macmillan, 1979.


(1) (cert) See digital certificate.

(2) (Computer Emergency Response Team) A group of people in an organization who coordinate their response to breaches of security or other computer emergencies such as breakdowns and disasters. Other similar terms are CSIRT (Computer Security Incident Response Team), CIRT (Computer Incident Response Team) and IRT (Incident Response Team). CERT often refers to the CERT center at Carnegie Mellon University (see CERT/CC).

Countries also develop their own CERT agencies for national security (see US-CERT). See oCERT and vulnerability disclosure.
References in periodicals archive ?
If an applicable corporation that experienced a CERT in a separate return year joins a consolidated group, the group is treated as a single applicable corporation with regard to that CERT (i.
It is conceivable that the influence of the cert pool was relatively limited during the first years of its operation given its novelty, but grew over time as the practice became institutionalized.
In the Darden case, as the requisite four votes to grant cert.
Brenner & Krol (1989), for example inspected seven terms on the Vinson, Warren, and Burger Courts and discovered that justices who later voted to reverse obtained a cert grant rate (i.
Congress has authorized the promulgation of regulations relating to the NOL limit rules for a CERT in Sec.
The four major areas of work that constitute the CERT Program, which includes the well-known CERT Coordination Center (CERT/CC) are vulnerability and incident analysis, education and training, research and development, and evaluations and best practices.
ICE AGE 4: CONTINENTAL DRIFT (3D) Cert U, 93mins Voices: Denis Leary, Queen Latifah, Jennifer Lopez Manny the mammoth and his pals take to the high seas where they encounter action and adventure in the latest animated instalment.
First, allocable interest deductions for any LLY cannot exceed the excess of the amount allowable as a deduction for interest paid or accrued by the taxpayer during the LLY, over the average of such amounts for the three tax years preceding the tax year in which the CERT occurred.
Once the volunteers complete the program, they are provided with green helmets and vests with the CERT logo to identify them in emergencies.
1984) (en banc) (search of sofa incident to arrest held valid, even though the arrestee was on the floor and surrounded by several officers with guns drawn), cert.
The vulnerability was reported by the Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) in CERT advisory CVE-2006-0058.
THE AMAZING SPIDER-MAN (3D) Cert 12A, 136mins Starring: Andrew Garfield, Emma Stone, Rhys Ifans, Martin Sheen The web-slinging superhero returns to take on The Lizard in a reboot of the series which sees Sam Raimi and Tobey Maguire dropped in favour of director Mark Webb and the up-andcoming Andrew Garfield.