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Folk beliefs assign St. Nicholas the role of Christmas gift bringer in Czechoslovakia. According to Czechoslovakian folklore, two oddly matched companions aid the good saint in his labors. On December sixth, St. Nicholas's Day, Nicholas descends from heaven on a golden rope accompanied by an angel dressed in white and a demon known as a cert. The cert wears black clothing and carries a whip and chain. He frightens naughty children, reminding them of the punishment in store for them if they don't mend their ways. (See also Black Peter.)

Further Reading

Del Re, Gerard, and Patricia Del Re. The Christmas Almanack. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1979. Foley, Daniel J. Christmas the World Over. Philadelphia, Pa.: Chilton Books, 1963. Stevens, Patricia Bunning. Merry Christmas!: A History of the Holiday. New York: Macmillan, 1979.


(1) (cert) See digital certificate.

(2) (Computer Emergency Response Team) A group of people in an organization who coordinate their response to breaches of security or other computer emergencies such as breakdowns and disasters. Other similar terms are CSIRT (Computer Security Incident Response Team), CIRT (Computer Incident Response Team) and IRT (Incident Response Team). CERT often refers to the CERT center at Carnegie Mellon University (see CERT/CC).

Countries also develop their own CERT agencies for national security (see US-CERT). See oCERT and vulnerability disclosure.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contact Cert ID Europe on tel 01675 475607 or visit www.
The proposed regulations create MSA-and ED-specific rules for computing costs associated with a CERT (CERT costs) when applying the rules of Sec.
Starri Mila K MacF A wa bear and b star o laugh Guy c MacF crude pro p ba the th th T STHAT'S MY BOY Cert 15, 114mins ?
Cooper Carriers has been a partner of the CERT Group for eight years, helping the company to deliver consumer products around the UK.
To register your building, or to find out about joining the CERT, please email bpccert@aol.
The cert pool was implemented in October of 1972, but there is very little historical record of its creation.
The asymmetry in procedures meant that in death cases in which an execution was set, the conservatives held an effective veto whenever the liberals voted to grant cert.
Additionally, CERT will leverage VLS, which is already in use by some of the world's top companies, to transfer knowledge to employees based around the world.
With more than 30 years' experience in food manufacturing, Stephen has joined Cert ID from NB Certification where he was Certification Manager for BRC schemes.
The CERT insider threat and resilience management teams at the Carnegie Mellon Software Engineering Institute (SEI) work to help organizations launch enterprise-wide security efforts and improve existing security programs.
172(b)(1)(E) and (h) limit the ability of a C corporation involved in a corporate equity reduction transaction (CERT) to use post-acquisition NOLs, arising from interest expense deductions in the year in which the CERT occurs (or in either of the two years succeeding that year), in any year prior to that year.
Nuzzi said that a terrorism aspect has been added to the CERT training as just another aspect of preparedness.