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Ceuta(thāo͞o`tä), city (1994 pop. 71,926), c.7 sq mi (18 sq km), NW Africa, a possession of Spain, on the Strait of Gibraltar. An enclave in Morocco, Ceuta is administered directly by the Spanish government. It is located on a peninsula whose promontory forms one of the Pillars of HerculesPillars of Hercules,
ancient mythological name for promontories flanking the east entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar. They are usually identified with Gibraltar in Europe and with Mt. Acha at Ceuta in Africa. The Jebel Musa (W of Ceuta) is also considered one of the pillars.
..... Click the link for more information. . The city, which has a European appearance, is a free port, with a large harbor and ample wharves; it is also a refueling and fishing port. Food processing is an important activity, and tourism is growing. Ceuta is connected with Tétouan, Morocco, by road and rail.
Built on a Phoenician colony, the city was held by Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, and Arabs (711). Taken by Portugal in 1415 (the first permanent European conquest in Africa), it then passed (1580) to Spain. It has remained Spanish despite several attacks, notably a prolonged siege (1694–1720) by the Sultan Moulay Ismail. In the 1990s Ceuta became a way station for many sub-Saharan Africans fleeing civil wars or other strife in their homelands and attempting to emigrate to Europe. In 2002, Morocco, which objects to Spain's possession of Ceuta, MelillaMelilla
, autonomous city (1994 pop. 63,670), Spanish possession, on the Mediterranean coast of Morocco, NW Africa. Administered directly by the Spanish government, it is a free port, and the principal industry is fishing.
..... Click the link for more information. , and several smaller Moroccan outposts, briefly occupied nearby Perejil, or Leila, an uninhabited islet both nations claim. After Spanish forces bloodlessly ousted the Moroccans, both countries agreed to leave Perejil unoccupied.
a city on the Mediterranean coast of Morocco, on the eastern shore of the Strait of Gibraltar. Population, 88,500 (1970). Ceuta and the surrounding area (19 sq km) are governed by Spain. A fishing port, Ceuta exports fish products and cork. It has shipyards, fish canneries, and enterprises for the production of consumer goods. Ceuta was founded in the seventh century B.C. In 1415 it was captured by Portugal, and in 1580 it became a Spanish possession. A Spanish naval base is located in Ceuta.