CFA


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CFA

(Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986) Signed into law in 1986, the CFA was a significant step forward in criminalizing unauthorized access to computer systems and networks. The Act applies to "federal interest computers" that include any system used by the U.S. government as well as most financial institutions. It says that unauthorized penetration or other damage to such systems is a felony, as is trafficking in password or other access codes.

Violators are subject to fines of up to USD $250,000 per incident and up to 10 years in prison. Updates to the CFA passed in 1994 extended coverage to dissemination of viruses and worms. For more information, visit www.law.cornell.edu, and look up "Title 18, 1030." See also CompactFlash Association.
References in periodicals archive ?
Au finish, le projet de budget d'Etat 2019 rectifie degage un deficit de 333 milliards 68 millions de francs CFA contre un montant initial de 387 milliards 250 millions de francs CFA, soit une diminution de 54 milliards 182 millions de francs CFA.
"Pursuing the CFA credential is a very rigorous process, with less than one in five candidates successfully completing the process to earn the charter," said Paul Smith, CFA, president and CEO, CFA Institute.
The academic literature assessing the adverse consequences from belonging to a less-than-optimal monetary zone has yet to look at the transmission channel challenges introduced by the peg to the euro of the franc CFA. To the best of our knowledge, no study has explored the relationships between exchange rates and key macroeconomic variables in sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries.
Put together, if you aspire to obtain the CFA charter, you have to prepare yourself for painful rounds of binge studying, especially if you do not really have an appetite for finance.
Furthermore, Mr Rainer Pratl, CFA Institute's Director of Society Relations for EMEA, will present the Institute's Initiatives for 2019, Mrs Tina Adatia, from CFA and Executive Vice President and Product Strategist at PIMCO, will give an address under the title "Flatlining at the New Neutral", while guest speaker, Mr Daniel Loesche of CFA and Investment Strategist at Schroders, will give a speech entitled: "Global outlook: After a year to forget, will we see one to remember?"
Nominations for the CFA Awards were submitted by CFA members across Canada and winners were selected by the committee based on a variety of criteria, including their support of the CFA, their demonstrated benefit to franchisors, and how involved they are with the franchise community.
The December 2018 exam saw continued growth of more than 13 per cent over 2017 in the number of Level I candidates who tested for the CFA Program.
The CFA team was welcomed by employees from the divisions of capital market, specialized companies and departments, including Islamic finance and the investor education.
At the event, CFA Society Bahrain president Mahmoud Nawar welcomed Finance Minister Shaikh Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Khalifa, guest of honour, and recognised 35 new charterholders.
The winners of the Cypriot competition will represent Cyprus at the European Research Challenge that will be organised by the CFA Institute in Zurich, next April.
The CFA will operate out of a 464 square metre coworking space in the capital's Daun Penh district.